calcaneus

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Related to calcanei: calcaneum, tuber calcanei

cal·ca·ne·us

 (kăl-kā′nē-əs) also cal·ca·ne·um (-nē-əm)
n. pl. cal·ca·ne·i (-nē-ī′) also cal·ca·ne·a (-nē-ə)
The quadrangular bone at the back of the tarsus. Also called heel bone.

[Late Latin calcāneus, heel, from Latin calcāneum, from calx, calc-.]

cal·ca′ne·al adj.

calcaneus

(kælˈkeɪnɪəs) or

calcaneum

n, pl -nei (-nɪˌaɪ) or -nea (-nɪə)
1. (Anatomy) the largest tarsal bone, forming the heel in man. Nontechnical name: heel bone
2. (Zoology) the corresponding bone in other vertebrates
[C19: from Late Latin: heel, from Latin calx heel]
calˈcaneal, calˈcanean adj

cal•ca•ne•us

(kælˈkeɪ ni əs)

n., pl. -ne•i (-niˌaɪ)
the largest tarsal bone, forming the prominence of the heel.
[1920–25; < Late Latin]

calcaneus

The tarsal bone that comprises the heel bone. See tarsus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.calcaneus - the largest tarsal bonecalcaneus - the largest tarsal bone; forms the human heel
bone, os - rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates
foot, human foot, pes - the part of the leg of a human being below the ankle joint; "his bare feet projected from his trousers"; "armored from head to foot"
Translations

cal·ca·ne·us

, calcanei
n. calcáneo, hueso del talón;
pop. calcañal, calcañar.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sampled skeletons were only chosen for analysis if at least 15 of the 17 elements needed to score were unbroken and all 17 elements were present, including CI, C3-C7, the sternum, both scapulae, humeri, femora, patellae, and calcanei. Data were collected by the author and three other observers, all of which were master's (MSc) students with minimal previous postcranial nonmetric analysis experience in order to test sufficiently the definitions, drawings, and scoring methodology.
Although we have previously reported the patterns of superior articulating facet of dried calcanei in our population already (Iamsaard et al., 2015), their facets on tali need to be further observed.
Previously, the types and incidence of superior articular facets of Isan-Thai dried calcanei has been documented for the first time (Iamsaard et al.).
[5-7] These facet patterns are present in foetal calcanei and not a developmental response to physical activities.
Many anatomic studies have demonstrated that the majority of calcanei have a conjoined anterior and middle talocalcaneal articular facet [13, 14].
There was an apparent groove on tuber calcanei of calcaneus, which was found in proximal row and there was a deep transverse line at the central point of the surface where this groove was present.
A recent study comparing ultrasonic and histomorphometric parameters in 17 excised human calcanei revealed no such independent association [47].
Its anterior third is partly articular, while distal (anterior) to the posterior articular facet is a rough depression that narrows into a groove medially to form the sulcus calcanei. The elongated articular area distal and medial to the sulcus calcanei covers the sustentaculum tali and extends from the distal aspect of the body.
Use of the joy-stick technique with a Schanz-screw placed through the tuber calcanei achieves reduction and in particular the length and axis is regained.
Anatomically, the facets of superior articular surface (anterior, middle, and posterior) of calcanei articulate with the head of overlying talus to form a subtalar joint which is called "the talocalcaneal joint".