calculi


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Related to calculi: hydronephrosis, Renal calculi, Urinary calculi

cal·cu·lus

 (kăl′kyə-ləs)
n. pl. cal·cu·li (-lī′) or cal·cu·lus·es
1. Medicine An abnormal concretion in the body, usually formed of mineral salts and found in the gallbladder, kidney, or urinary bladder, for example.
2. Dentistry See tartar.
3. Mathematics
a. The branch of mathematics that deals with limits and the differentiation and integration of functions of one or more variables.
b. A method of analysis or calculation using a special symbolic notation.
c. The combined mathematics of differential calculus and integral calculus.
4. A system or method of calculation: "[a] dazzling grasp of the nation's byzantine budget calculus" (David M. Alpern).

[Latin, small stone used in reckoning; see calculate.]
References in periodicals archive ?
The diagnostic methods of bladder calculi include plain radiography, ultrasound scan and CT scan.
Large distal calculi could be managed with urethral meatotomy.
Surgical advancements have enabled the use of tubeless PCNL in complex cases, including pediatric, geriatric and bilateral simultaneous renal calculi.
There are no effective pharmacologic options available to dissolve salivary calculi.
Calculi in posterior urethra can be pushed back into bladder
Demographics of patients and calculi Gender Male 68 Female 40 Age, years 38 [+ or -] 21 Calculus size, cm 1.
He begins the process of filling in that void, introducing sequent and tableau calculi as proof methods, and theorem providers obtained by implementing the proposed calculi.
Bladder calculi have beleaguered man for thousands of years, as documented by the ancient Greeks and discovered by an archeologist in a 7000-year-old Egyptian skeleton.
2) Calculi can form in any of the salivary glands of the head and neck, but the submandibular gland is the most common site (80 to 92% of cases).
Starting with an updated description of Allen's calculus, the book proceeds with a description of the main qualitative calculi which have been developed over the last two decades.
Observational Calculi and Association Rules Studies in Computational Intelligence Series no.