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Related to calends: Roman calendar


also kal·ends  (kăl′əndz, kā′ləndz)
n. pl. calends also kalends
The first day of the month in the ancient Roman calendar.

[Middle English kalendes, from Latin kalendae; see kelə- in Indo-European roots.]

ca·len′dal (kə-lĕn′dəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈkælɪndz) or


pl n
(Historical Terms) the first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar
[C14: from Latin kalendae; related to Latin calāre to proclaim]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or kal•ends

(ˈkæl əndz)

(often cap.) (usu. with a pl. v.) the first day of the month in the ancient Roman calendar.
[1325–75; Middle English kalendes < Latin kalendae (pl.), perhaps akin to calāre to proclaim]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the common language we often hear phrases such as: ab initio (from the beginning), ad hoc (for this, for this purpose), modus vivendi (way of living), quod erat demonstrandum (which had to be demonstrated), status quo (existing state of affairs), tabula rasa (erased slate), ad litteram (literally), verba volant, scripta manent (spoken words fly away, written words remain), ad calendas graecas (on the Greek calends, meaning 'when pigs fly'), etc.
The Calends was the first of the month - the day of accounting (the origin of "calendar".) The Ides was the middle day of the month and the Nones was the ninth day before the Ides.
"This most negative of developments vindicates our warnings that if the government and DISY were unable to introduce a multi-payer system, to serve the interests of a handful of private insurance companies, they would refer the NHS to the Greek Calends," spokesman Yiorgos Loucaides said.
Hence my translation of Beowulf, and Staves Calends Legends [Jargon Society, 1979],
Suetonius tells this legend so that it foreshadows his histrionics and madness: "Nero was born in Antium, nine months after the death of Tiberius, eighteen days before the calends of January, in the rising sun, whose rays brightened him before touching earth.