californium


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cal·i·for·ni·um

 (kăl′ə-fôr′nē-əm)
n. Symbol Cf
A synthetic transuranic element having isotopes with mass numbers from 237 to 256 and half-lives varying from 21 milliseconds to 898 years. All isotopes are radioactive, chiefly by emission of alpha particles, and Cf-252 is a potent neutron emitter. Atomic number 98; melting point 900°C; specific gravity 15.1; valence 3. See Periodic Table.

[After California.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

californium

(ˌkælɪˈfɔːnɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a metallic transuranic element artificially produced from curium. Symbol: Cf; atomic no: 98; half-life of most stable isotope, 251Cf: 800 years (approx.)
[C20: New Latin; discovered at the University of California]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cal•i•for•ni•um

(ˌkæl əˈfɔr ni əm)

n.
a transuranic element. Symbol: Cf; at. no.: 98.
[1945–50; after California]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cal·i·for·ni·um

(kăl′ə-fôr′nē-əm)
Symbol Cf A synthetic, radioactive metallic element of the actinide series that is produced from curium or berkelium. Californium emits a large number of neutrons and is used in the analysis of chemical components of substances. Its most stable isotope has a half-life of 800 years. Atomic number 98. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.californium - a radioactive transuranic elementcalifornium - a radioactive transuranic element; discovered by bombarding curium with alpha particles
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
californium

californium

[ˌkælɪˈfɔːnɪəm] Ncalifornio m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
By firing a stream of boron ions (element 5) into californium atoms (element 98), Nagame and colleagues created an isotope of lawrencium.
In 1950, scientists at the University of California at Berkeley announced they had created a new radioactive element, ''californium.''
It was here that two professors discovered plutonium in 1941 as well as numerous other elements, including berkelium and californium. Berkeley faculty are quoted daily in newspapers and journals throughout the world as experts in their fields.
Autumn colour Wildflower meadow Grow your own Relax your borders Bulging beds spill on to pathways with phlox, oriental poppies, Californium poppies and perennial cornflowers
The reactor, which contained 1.5kg of enriched 'weapons-grade' uranium, was a Californium Flux Multiplier (CFX) acquired by the company in 1974 and only decommissioned in 2006.
The same samples were also analyzed with mass spectroscopy (LA-ICP-MS) by Shiva Technologies, Syracuse, NY, detecting 78 elements ranging from lithium to californium and 108 isotopes ranging from 7Li to 249Cf.
Seaborg, one of the great scientific minds of this time and of all times, chaired the Academic Standards Commission's Science Committee." Seaborg, an American chemist who died in 1999, played a central role in discovering and isolating ten transuranic elements (including plutonium, americam, and californium), worked on the Manhattan Project, proposed the addition of the actinide series to the Periodic Table, shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1951, and served as chancellor of University of California, Berkeley and chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (http://en.wikipedia.org/Glenn_t._Seaborg).