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Noun1.callosotomy - severing the corpus callosum so that communication between the cerebral hemispheres is interrupted (in cases of severe intractable epilepsy)
psychosurgery - brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
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References in periodicals archive ?
Corpus callosotomy in children and the disconnection syndromes: a review.
Surgical interventions for the treatment of RSE include acute resective surgery and disconnection procedures such as multiple subpial transection or corpus callosotomy [147].
atonic seizures (drop attacks) are ideal cases for corpus callosotomy, as this prevents generalisation to the contralateral cortex.
(5) The disorder can be caused by a neurologic lesion such as tumor, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy, demyelinating disease, progressive dementia, corpus callosotomy, intracerebral hemorrhage, or thalamic degeneration.
However, the availability of alternative treatments such as drug therapies, and various surgeries such as pallidotomy and thalamotomy for treating Parkinson's disease; lobe resection, lesionectomy, and corpus callosotomy for treating epilepsy, acts as major restraints for the growth of the global market of neurostimulation devices.
Ogawa et al6 reported that spike-monitoring of anaesthesia using bilateral BIS monitoring was useful during corpus callosotomy for the treatment of epilepsy to assess the effects of anaesthesia and the therapeutic effects of the surgery.
* Corpus callosotomy. In this procedure the network of neural connections between the right and left sides of the brain (hemispheres) are severed.
In humans, several psychiatric, neurologic, and metabolic disorders have been shown to be associated with congenital agenesis of the CC or the surgical procedure, callosotomy [5, 71, 72].
Beaulieu, "Diffusion tensor imaging of time-dependent axonal and myelin degradation after corpus callosotomy in epilepsy patients," NeuroImage, vol.
They also cover hemispherectomy, callosotomy, epilepsy and brain tumors, surgical treatment of cortical dysplasias, reoperations in failed surgeries, alternative procedures, complications, and quality of life.