The surgical treatment of FD ranges from biopsy specimens to modeling osteotomies, bi-maxillary osteotomies and calvarial
canis was associated with aortic valve and lower extremity aneurysm in one child and associated with calvarial
osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, pleural effusion, and pulmonary nodules in another child.
 Kon et al and Mankani et al in their animal study, demonstrated the repair of calvarial
and long bone defects to be successful.
(23,24) Clafshenkel et al in 2012 developed a novel calcium aluminate-melatonin material and used it as a scaffold in calvarial
defects in animal models and found a significant amount of bone regeneration.
(26,31) PLA scaffolds with 300 micron pores have been shown to promote osteoconduction for calvarial
It has been suggested that soaking the HA/collagen scaffold in PRP can accelerate bone-marrow formation in the rat calvarial
In 2004, Lendeckel et al (134) reconstructed a calvarial
defect through the use of autologous stem cells (adipose) combined with the patient's own cancellous bone and fibrin glue.
In this study, the early and late results and advantages and disadvantages of MM that was used in 64 patients with calvarial
defects have been discussed.
bone or iliac crest can be used for accretion of the articular eminence.8 Numerous materials have also been utilized to enhance the eminence like vitallium mesh implants, L-shaped pins, and mini implants.8,9 The downward displacement of zygomatic arch acts by hindering the path of condylar translation, described by Mayer in 1933.
Effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-4 dose on bone formation in a rat calvarial
Grayscale transvaginal ultrasound demonstrates a fetus with duplicated maxillofacial and calvarial
structures fused at midline (Figure 1).
Free Flap Reconstruction for Complex Scalp and Forehead Defects with Associated Full-Thickness Calvarial