The low rate of infection was due to repeated irrigation with sterilized saline and betadine before the operation and good reconstruction of the skull base, which protected the calvarium
from retrograde infection.
A heterogeneous lytic and sclerotic appearance to the calvarium
and cervical spine was noted.
Bone graft material is most commonly obtained from the mandible, iliac crest, tibia and calvarium
(Vermeeren et al.
with the calvarium
[the skull], in general, some people will actually try to change the presentation so that it's not vertex [head first], because when it's vertex presentation you never have enough dilation at the beginning of the case, unless you have real, huge amounts of dilation to deliver an intact calvarium
After removal of the calvarium
, cerebral edema was observed.
Skull fractures result from direct impact to calvarium
and are important because of their association with intracranial injury, which is the leading cause of traumatic death in childhood.
Pathophsiologically epidural hematoma occurs when there is separation of dura from the inner table of the calvarium
with the disruption and arterial and venous structures leading to the collection of blood in the available space but limited by the tight adhesion of dura to the suture lines 5.
hemiparesis, uMN sign+, Learning disability Case Laterality CT scan of head MRI (additional findings) 1 left Cerebral atrophy, Prominent left prominent sulci, frontal sinus, prominent cerebral peduncle ventricle midline hypoplasia, and shift, bony elevation of left thickening petrous ridge 2 left Cerebral atrophy, NA prominent ventricle, widening of sulci and Sylvian fissure, bony thickening 3 Left Cerebral atrophy, Gliosis in left prominent parietal-occipital ventricle widening cortex, shifting of of sulci and falx towards the Sylvian fissure, same side adjacent thickened calvarium
rt: right; UMN: upper motor neuron; MR: mental retardation; NA: not available; GTC: generalized tonic-clonic; CT: computed tomography; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging.
Till date 12 such cases are reported and none had thoracic, vertebral or calvarium
A confirmatory MRI performed at our fetal care institute at 29 weeks of EGA demonstrated the absence of the fetal calvarium
, missing the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal bones as well as the scalp.
The anteroposterior [Figure 2] and lateral skull radiographs [Figure 3] showed marked sclerosis with thickening of the orbital rims, skull base, and calvarium
with a loss of distinction between the cortex and medulla.
Chapter 31, Reconstruction of the scalp, calvarium
, and forehead; p.