cameralism


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Related to cameralism: Haskalah

cameralism

the theories and adherence to the theories of the cameralists. — cameralist, n. — cameralistic. adj.
See also: Economics
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Although the French Enlightenment was focused on individual rights, the Austrian Enlightenment was more practical, focusing on cameralism, or the use of state power to generate wealth; an educated citizenry was crucial to that project.
Peter and especially Catherine, Raeff argued, were inspired in part by the European administrative philosophy of cameralism, which emphasized rationalism, individual initiative, and self-interest and presupposed implementation by "intermediary bodies" and trained officials.
As such, liberalism is profoundly distinct from cameralism and its administrative expression polizeiwissenschaft, in reaction to which, in Germany, it arose.
Beyond that, it should be mentioned that Cameralism was taught in Germany at the University of Halle even earlier, since 1727, though with much more limited scope compared to the plan of both Genovesi's and Beccaria's Chairs in Italy.
Such a concept of police harks back to 18th-century cameralism and police science, and picks up on the centrality of the police idea in the work of a variety of thinkers, from Adam Smith to Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
The name cameralism, for instance, refers to the chamber where a prince's advisors would gather to advise the prince.
Defined at times as the "German equivalent of mercantilism," (122) cameralism identified the prosperity and power of the state with the wellbeing of its citizens.
Governmentality or "rationality of government" emerges from early-modern reflection on the arts of government, first in cameralism and mercantilism and later in early liberalism.
Steuart's treatise, for example, enjoyed greater prestige than Smith's until 1800 in Germany because Steuart's emphasis on exchange and reciprocity, rather than labor value, rendered his ideas compatible with the tenets of Cameralism.
The new reason of state focussed on the couple population-wealth, and both mercantilist economic analysis and cameralism in political administration took its increase as their privileged object.
Even if those traditions blurred the idiosyncrasies of Linnaeus's work as Koerner reveals it, Koerner's argument depends nonetheless on Linnaeus's response to Enlightenment economic theories, especially Cameralism.