Certain contemporary historians believe that "the artist, with his understanding of the subtleties of colour, tone and texture and his ability to draw on visual memory, has probably contributed the most to military camouflage in all its forms."  In Australia, as in Europe and the United States, the job of the camoufleur was to create problems for the enemy with the visual interpretation of objects.
On the one hand, "camoufleurs" with the Department of Home Security complained that their "official standing is undefined,"  and on the other that the armed forces were unhappy that civilians without the necessary practice or experience of war were playing such a big role in military activity.
Camoufleurs also suffered from the image that artists are abstract rather than pragmatic thinkers.
In a report sent to Prime Minister Curtin, he emphasised that "camoufleurs ridiculed the design of the RAAF Station at Darwin at the beginning of 1941".
 Civil camouflage operations ceased at the end of 1942 in Australia, after the threat of Japanese invasion passed, and from this point on the work of civilian camoufleurs was directed to the RAAF.