The main constituents are monoterpene hydrocarbons; mainly camphene
, pinene, cymene and myristicin.
Conversely, the minority of compounds are methyl esters and terpenes hydrocarbons, such as camphene
, [alpha]-terpinene, carvacrol, camphor and caryophyllene oxide (KALEMBA & KANICKA, 2003; HYLDGAARD et al.
i) The slurry preparation consists of any material in the form of particles suspended in a fluid, usually water, camphene
and tert-Butyl alcohol based, each of them producing different pore structures, leading to different characteristics of the material produced.
ethyl butyrate -Vitamins Ascorbic acid Terminalia chebula -Tannins Gallotannins (terchebulin, terflavin, punicalagin, corilagin, chebulic acid, and chebulinic acid) -Monosaccharides/ D-glucose, D- oligosaccharides fructose, saccharose -Fruit acids Quinic acid, shikimic acid -Flavonoids Luteolin, rutin, and quercetin Curcuma zedoaria -Essential oil Zingiberene, 1,8 cineole, camphor, camphene
, borneol -Curcuminoids Curcumin, des-and bisdesmethoxycurcumin
Thyme [alpha]-pinene, camphene
, Carminative, [beta]-pinene, spasmolytic.
Chemical constituents of ginger classified to volatile oils (including borneol, camphene
, citral, eucalyptol, linalool, phenllandrene, zingiberine and zingiberolpenols (gingerol, zingerone and shogaol) and resin) which constitutes (1-3%) mainly of zingeberene nonvolatile pungent compounds oleo-resin constitutes (4-7.
Dodecane, naphthalene, p-xylene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene, kerosene and camphene
have been used to dissolve UHMWPE [7, 11-17], These UHMWPE solutions exhibit a thermo-reversible gelation behavior due to crystallization of polyethylene upon cooling; however, fibers obtained by gel spinning with the aforementioned solutions exhibit tensile strength usually less than 3 GPa.
The presence of various aroma components (D-limonene, bornyl acetate, camphene
, [alpha]-pinene, and [beta]-pinene) in the essential oil of A.
sativa such as p-cymene, [alpha]-thujene, [alpha]-pinene, camphene
, sabinene, [beta]-pinene, [beta]-myrcene, [alpha]-phellandrene, limonene, [gamma]-terpinene, terpinolene, camphor, carvone, thymol, carvacrol, longicyclene, and borneol .
Essential oils include cineole, boreal, camphene
, camphor, linalool, verbenol; flavonoids (diosmin, apigenin, diosmctin.
is used in preparation of fragrances and as a food additive it is also found in all the samples (Table 7).
among which [alpha]-pinene, [beta]-pinene, [alpha]-humulene, [gamma]-himachalene, camphene
, and [beta]-elemene were also found in the essential oil of A.