camphene


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Related to camphene: camphor

cam·phene

 (kăm′fēn′)
n.
A colorless crystalline terpene, C10H16, occurring naturally in numerous essential oils and used in the manufacture of synthetic camphor and insecticides.

camphene

(ˈkæmfiːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless crystalline insoluble optically active terpene derived from pinene and present in many essential oils. Formula: C10H16
[C19: from camph(or) + -ene]

cam•phene

(ˈkæm fin, kæmˈfin)

n.
a colorless, crystalline, water-insoluble substance, C10H16, used in the manufacture of synthetic camphor.
[1835–45; < New Latin camph(ora) camphor + -ene]

Camphine

There seem to be some differing opinions on the meaning of this word. According to recent dictionaries, it is a mixture of turpentine and alcohol used in the mid-1800s in lamps. Because of volatility, the use of the mixture was soon abandoned. Thwing, in his book Flickering Flames, says the word is camphene, that it referred to turpentine only, and that the alcohol-turpentine mixture was called “burning fluid.” Note that a Handbook of Chemistry lists camphene as the specific compound C10H16.
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The chemical composition of Mentha longifolia No % Name 1 1.00 [beta]-Thujene 2 0.72 [alpha]-Pinene 3 0.20 Camphene 4 0.62 1-Octen-3-ol 5 0.21 [beta]-Pinene 6 1.02 [beta]-Pinene 7 0.28 3-Octanol 8 0.15 [alpha]-Phellandrene 9 1.32 [alpha]-Terpinene 10 17.38 o-Cymol 11 8.27 [gamma]-Terpinene 12 0.90 Endo-Borneol 13 0.80 4-Terpineol 14 0.17 [alpha]-Terpineol 15 0.29 [alpha]-Terpineol 16 1.04 Pulegone 17 0.28 Thymol 18 0.23 *unknown 19 61.40 Carvacrol 20 0.28 Propionaldehyde 21 1.65 Caryophyllene 22 0.25 Spathulenol 23 1.42 Caryophyllene oxide 24 0.13 Naphthalene
Camphor, linalool, borneol, camphene, dipentene, terpineol, safrole and cineole.
Response of Paracoccidioides lutzii to the antifungal camphene thiosemicarbazide etermined by proteomic analysis.
These compounds were absent in plants 16, 27 and 28, which presented main compounds such as camphor and camphene, reported in the literature to present moderate antimicrobial action (Tirillini, Velasquez, & Pellegrino, 1996).
Turpentine is composed of terpenes which mainly consist of the monoterpenes such as alpha-pinene and beta-pinene with small quantities of careen, dipentene, camphene and terpinolene.
It has been reported that carrot seeds are rich in antioxidants (Yu et al., 2005) and contain a lot of active ingredients such as camphene, b-pinene, a-pinene, myrcene, sabinene, y-terpinene, limonene, b-bisabolene, geranyl acetate, and carotol.
Table 1: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the essential oil of the aerial parts of Mentha mozaffarianii Compound (a) KI (b) KI (c) Percentage [alpha]-Pinene 938 939 0.6 Camphene 952 954 0.2 Sabinene 971 975 0.5 [beta]-Pinene 977 979 1.0 Myrcene 990 991 0.3 Ocymene 998 999 0.6 Limonene 1028 1029 0.4 1,8-Cineol 1033 1031 11.7 Linalool 1097 1097 11.1 Menthone 1149 1153 1.9 [delta]-Terpineol 1162 1166 0.3 Borneol 1165 1169 1.0 4-Terpineol 1178 1177 0.2 [alpha]-Terpineol 1190 1189 3.4 Pulegone 1237 1237 0.3 Piperitone 1251 1253 51.0 Thymol 1290 1290 1.0 Piperitenone 1339 1343 8.6 Piperitenone oxide 1371 1369 2.3 trans-Jasmone 1390 1391 1.9 [beta]-Caryophyllene 1419 1419 0.8 Bicyclogermacrene 1500 1500 0.3 Total 99.4 (a) Compounds listed in order of elution.
In a comprehensive study by Alizadeh and Shaabani (2012), [alpha]-thujone (41.48%), borneol (8.33%), 1,8 cineole (7.94%), [beta]-thujone (6.75%), virdiflorol (5.85%), camphene (3.46%), [alpha]-pinene (3.24%), [alpha]-humulene (2.64%) and [beta]-pinene (2.25%) were also been reported as the components of S.
Adams then provided an example for four hydrocarbons: myrcene, limonene, camphene, and pinene, which were determined to belong to a single chemical category due to shared structural features, metabolic fates, pharmacokinetic patterns, and target endpoints, and are all characterized by a relatively narrow range of NOELs.
The volatile oil consists of mainly mono and sesquiterpenes; camphene, beta-phellandrene, curcumene, cineole, geranyl acetate, terphineol, terpenes, borneol, geraniol, limonene, linalool, alpha-zingiberene (30-70%), beta-sesquiphellandrene (15-20%), betabisabolene (10-15%) and alpha-farmesene.