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Related to camphene: camphor
A colorless crystalline terpene, C10H16, occurring naturally in numerous essential oils and used in the manufacture of synthetic camphor and insecticides.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless crystalline insoluble optically active terpene derived from pinene and present in many essential oils. Formula: C10H16
[C19: from camph(or) + -ene]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
cam•phene(ˈkæm fin, kæmˈfin)
a colorless, crystalline, water-insoluble substance, C10H16, used in the manufacture of synthetic camphor.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
There seem to be some differing opinions on the meaning of this word. According to recent dictionaries, it is a mixture of turpentine and alcohol used in the mid-1800s in lamps. Because of volatility, the use of the mixture was soon abandoned. Thwing, in his book Flickering Flames, says the word is camphene, that it referred to turpentine only, and that the alcohol-turpentine mixture was called “burning fluid.” Note that a Handbook of Chemistry lists camphene as the specific compound C10H16.
1001 Words and Phrases You Never Knew You Didn’t Know by W.R. Runyan Copyright © 2011 by W.R. Runyan