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Related to camphene: camphor


A colorless crystalline terpene, C10H16, occurring naturally in numerous essential oils and used in the manufacture of synthetic camphor and insecticides.


(Elements & Compounds) a colourless crystalline insoluble optically active terpene derived from pinene and present in many essential oils. Formula: C10H16
[C19: from camph(or) + -ene]


(ˈkæm fin, kæmˈfin)

a colorless, crystalline, water-insoluble substance, C10H16, used in the manufacture of synthetic camphor.
[1835–45; < New Latin camph(ora) camphor + -ene]


There seem to be some differing opinions on the meaning of this word. According to recent dictionaries, it is a mixture of turpentine and alcohol used in the mid-1800s in lamps. Because of volatility, the use of the mixture was soon abandoned. Thwing, in his book Flickering Flames, says the word is camphene, that it referred to turpentine only, and that the alcohol-turpentine mixture was called “burning fluid.” Note that a Handbook of Chemistry lists camphene as the specific compound C10H16.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The main constituents are monoterpene hydrocarbons; mainly camphene, pinene, cymene and myristicin.
Conversely, the minority of compounds are methyl esters and terpenes hydrocarbons, such as camphene, [alpha]-terpinene, carvacrol, camphor and caryophyllene oxide (KALEMBA & KANICKA, 2003; HYLDGAARD et al.
i) The slurry preparation consists of any material in the form of particles suspended in a fluid, usually water, camphene and tert-Butyl alcohol based, each of them producing different pore structures, leading to different characteristics of the material produced.
ethyl butyrate -Vitamins Ascorbic acid Terminalia chebula -Tannins Gallotannins (terchebulin, terflavin, punicalagin, corilagin, chebulic acid, and chebulinic acid) -Monosaccharides/ D-glucose, D- oligosaccharides fructose, saccharose -Fruit acids Quinic acid, shikimic acid -Flavonoids Luteolin, rutin, and quercetin Curcuma zedoaria -Essential oil Zingiberene, 1,8 cineole, camphor, camphene, borneol -Curcuminoids Curcumin, des-and bisdesmethoxycurcumin
Thyme [alpha]-pinene, camphene, Carminative, [beta]-pinene, spasmolytic.
Chemical constituents of ginger classified to volatile oils (including borneol, camphene, citral, eucalyptol, linalool, phenllandrene, zingiberine and zingiberolpenols (gingerol, zingerone and shogaol) and resin) which constitutes (1-3%) mainly of zingeberene nonvolatile pungent compounds oleo-resin constitutes (4-7.
Dodecane, naphthalene, p-xylene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene, kerosene and camphene have been used to dissolve UHMWPE [7, 11-17], These UHMWPE solutions exhibit a thermo-reversible gelation behavior due to crystallization of polyethylene upon cooling; however, fibers obtained by gel spinning with the aforementioned solutions exhibit tensile strength usually less than 3 GPa.
The presence of various aroma components (D-limonene, bornyl acetate, camphene, [alpha]-pinene, and [beta]-pinene) in the essential oil of A.
sativa such as p-cymene, [alpha]-thujene, [alpha]-pinene, camphene, sabinene, [beta]-pinene, [beta]-myrcene, [alpha]-phellandrene, limonene, [gamma]-terpinene, terpinolene, camphor, carvone, thymol, carvacrol, longicyclene, and borneol [15].
Essential oils include cineole, boreal, camphene, camphor, linalool, verbenol; flavonoids (diosmin, apigenin, diosmctin.
Camphene is used in preparation of fragrances and as a food additive it is also found in all the samples (Table 7).