"A new UN map of the West Bank, produced by the Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs, gives a comprehensive picture of the situation.Aa Israeli civilian and military infrastructure has rendered 40 per cent of the territory off limits to Palestinians.Aa The rest of the territory, including major population centresC*, is split into enclaves; movement between them is restricted by 450 roadblocks and 70 manned checkpoints.Aa The UN foundC*that changes now underway to the infrastructure of the territories--including a network of highways that bypass and isolate Palestinian towns--would serve to formalise the de facto cantonisation
of the West Bank.
(The constituent republics can hold referendums on independence after three years of the new Constitution that came into being in February 2003.) There was reportedly also a discussion of the relative merits and meaning of the terms "de-centralisation" of power in Kosovo - an idea raised by Serbian Prime Minister Vojislav Kostunica on his March 23 visit to Brussels - and "cantonisation
" - a term previously also used by Mr Kostunica but which the EU side seemingly tends to associate with the prospect of partition.
He says construction of Israel's controversial separation barrier and the cantonisation
of Palestinian communities in the West Bank are undermining the viability of a future Palestinian state.
(14) Harvey Morris, "Israel Faces `Demographic Time Bomb,'" Financial Times, June 14, 2002, states that current Israeli policies of separation have given rise to warnings about the "cantonisation
of the territories" when in fact this is a problem that was created by the Oslo process.
As the writer Jeremy Harding explains in his book The Uninvited: Refugees at the Rich Man's Gate, even liberal Europeans are ambivalent about America's brand of multiculturalism, seeing it as the partner of unbridled capitalism: "Everyone pays grudging homage to the American model of cultural diversity, but European governments of all persuasions are dour about its advantages and alert to its dangers: cities eroded by poverty and profit; the cantonisation
of neighbourhoods; urban and rural societies doubly fractured by ethnicity and class." In the last century immigrants came largely from Europe's colonies; attitudes toward them were inseparable from racism and resentment at the waning of empire.
is not a peculiarly Swiss adaptation, nor is it unique, nor does it require seven centuries to perfect.
The UN policy of cantonisation
pursued in the early 90s, turned into a grotesque ethnic musical chairs, when the artillery stops the army with 51 per cent gets the region.
But Oslo Two has revealed the fragile nature of Palestinian home rule: isolated enclaves of Palestinian habitation, cut off from each other by Israeli settlements, Israeli roads and redeployed Israeli soldiers, creating an effective cantonisation
vulnerable to the whim of Israeli closures.
There are two territorial principles of macro-political conflict regulation, cantonisation
and federalisation, both of which can be used to manage national and ethnic differences in liberal democratic ways.
Israeli civilian and military infrastructure has rendered 40 per cent of the territory off limits to Palestinians.A The rest of the territory, including major population centres..., is split into enclaves; movement between them is restricted by 450 roadblocks and 70 manned checkpoints.A The UN found...that changes now underway to the infrastructure of the territoriesa"including a network of highways that bypass and isolate Palestinian townsa"would serve to formalise the de facto cantonisation
of the West Bank.
Speaking for the settlers, he says: "They are basically planning the great escape, the abandonment of 200,000 Judea and Samaria residents and perhaps the worst thing is that the terror achieved the cantonisation
of the land of Israel".
Ethnic Serb leaders in Kosovo came out in favour of this "cantonisation
" proposal, interpreting it along Bosnian lines.