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1. A wild variety of Mediterranean fig (Ficus carica) used in the caprification of certain edible figs.
2. The pear-shaped structure on this plant that encloses numerous small flowers and later develops into an inedible multiple fruit.

[Middle English, from Latin caprifīcus (influenced by Middle English fig, fig) : caper, capr-, goat + fīcus, fig; see fig1.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Plants) a wild variety of fig, Ficus carica sylvestris, of S Europe and SW Asia, used in the caprification of the edible fig
[C15: from Latin caprifīcus literally: goat fig, from caper goat + fīcus fig1]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkæp rəˌfɪg)

the wild fig, Ficus carica, bearing an inedible fruit used in pollination of the edible fig.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin caprifīcus literally, the goat-fig =capri- (see Capricorn) + fīcus fig1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.caprifig - wild variety of the common fig used to facilitate pollination of certain figs
common fig, common fig tree, Ficus carica, fig - Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The potential of caprifig genotypes for sheltering Blastophaga psenes L.
The list of plants that are indigenous to the country comprises 72 species, including ghaf, acacia, henna, sidr, desert thorn, and caprifig. The microsite features the plants' pictures, common and scientific names, botanical descriptions, and growing seasons, in addition to the location and contact information of the 54 government and private nurseries across the UAE that supply their seeds and saplings.
Even stranger, wild figs and some cultivated varieties, called 'Smyrna' figs, need to be pollinated by tiny fig wasps with pollen from male "caprifigs." Today, 'Smyrna' fig growers in the Middle East and California hang braids of inedible caprifig fruits in their orchards at pollinating time.