Any individual larger than the minimum observed size of adult males but not exhibiting the cloaca distal to the carapacial
rim was categorized as female, with females divided between mature and immature size classes based on the minimum sizes of females determined via palpation of eggs to be gravid (135 mm PL in G.
algae in a population of the Painted Turtle, Chrysemys picta.
Recently Burgin & Renshaw (2008) reported epizoochory by a fresh water turtle via their carapacial
We used the terminology and measurements suggested previously for cranial, postcranial, and carapacial
elements (Gillette and Ray, 1981).
To clarify the morphological specifications of turtle embryogenesis in late development, especially the formation of the carapacial
ridge (CR), researchers investigated into CR-specific miRNA expression, found existence of tissue-specific miRNAs and involvement of Wnt signaling.
That critical fold in the tissue maps out a line that becomes an important embryological feature of turtle embryos called the carapacial
Descriptive terms and abbreviations are as follows: carapacial
carinae (Stahnke 1970): Am, anterior median; Cm, central median; Pm, posterior median; CL, central lateral.
caglei that were observed during the study were distinctive, with brightly colored, wide yellowish carapacial
5 million EP) of UNSM Locality Cr 168, Cherry County, Nebraska, represents a single individual and consists of a mainly complete plastron, plus carapacial
remnants, and limb and limb girdle elements (Holman 2002, figs.
color and granulation vary widely, and the outer frontal teeth of many specimens cannot be classified as a definitive triangular (C.
median groove present in mature adults (as in all toadheads but R.
Chi-square test of association analysis was used to investigate the association between the independent variables turtle sex, turtle size, dam of capture and month of capture and the response variables carapacial
algal mass index and seed species diversity.