carbohydrate


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car·bo·hy·drate

 (kär′bō-hī′drāt′)
n.
1. Any of a group of organic compounds, including sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums, that contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that originate chiefly as products of photosynthesis. Carbohydrates serve as a major energy source for living things.
2. A food, such as bread, rice, or potatoes, that is composed largely of these substances.

carbohydrate

(ˌkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a large group of organic compounds, including sugars, such as sucrose, and polysaccharides, such as cellulose, glycogen, and starch, that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with the general formula Cm(H2O)n: an important source of food and energy for animals. Informal term: carb

car•bo•hy•drate

(ˌkɑr boʊˈhaɪ dreɪt, -bə-)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, including starches and sugars, produced in green plants by photosynthesis: important source of food for animals and people.
[1865–70]

car·bo·hy·drate

(kär′bō-hī′drāt′)
Any of a large class of organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with twice as many hydrogen atoms as carbon or oxygen atoms. Carbohydrates are produced in green plants by photosynthesis and serve as a major energy source in animal diets. Sugars, starches, and cellulose are all carbohydrates.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carbohydrate - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animalscarbohydrate - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
ribose - a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid
beet sugar - sugar made from sugar beets
cane sugar - sucrose obtained from sugar cane
deoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids
invert sugar - a mixture of equal parts of glucose and fructose resulting from the hydrolysis of sucrose; found naturally in fruits; sweeter than glucose
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
maple sugar - sugar made from the sap of the sugar maple tree
monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
oligosaccharide - any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
jaggary, jaggery, jagghery - unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap
wood sugar, xylose - a sugar extracted from wood or straw; used in foods for diabetics
Translations
كابوهيدرات: هيدراتات الفحمكَرْبُوهَيْدرات
sachariduhlovodan
kulhydrat
hiilihydraatti
ugljikohidrat
szénhidrát
kolvetnisykra, kolvetni
炭水化物たんすいかぶつ
탄수화물
angliavandenis
ogļhidrāts
uhľohydrát
kolhydrat
คาร์โบไฮเดรท
hyđat-cacbonhyđrat cácbon

carbohydrate

[ˈkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt] N (Chem) → hidrato m de carbono; (= starch in food) → fécula f

carbohydrate

[ˌkɑːrbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt]
n (CHEMISTRY) (= substance) → glucide m, hydrate m de carbone carbohydrates
npl (= foods) → farineux mpl, féculents mpl
modif
a high-carbohydrate diet → une alimentation riche en glucides
a low-carbohydrate diet → une alimentation pauvre en glucidescar bomb nvoiture f piégéecar bombing nattentat m à la voiture piégée

carbohydrate

nKohle(n)hydrat nt

carbohydrate

[ˌkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt] n (Chem) (starchy food) → carboidrato

carbohydrate

(kaːbəˈhaidreit) noun
(any of a group of) substances containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, especially the sugars and starches found in food. Potatoes are full of carbohydrate.

carbohydrate

كَرْبُوهَيْدرات sacharid kulhydrat Kohlenhydrat υδατάνθρακας hidrato de carbono hiilihydraatti glucides ugljikohidrat carboidrato 炭水化物 탄수화물 koolhydraat karbohydrat węglowodan carboidrato, hidrato de carbono углевод kolhydrat คาร์โบไฮเดรท karbonhidrat hyđrat cácbon 碳水化合物

car·bo·hy·drate

n. carbohidrato, grupo de compuestos de carbono, hidrógeno y oxígeno entre los que se encuentran los almidones, azúcares y celulosas;
___ loadingcargada carbohidratos.

carbohydrate

n carbohidrato, hidrato de carbono; complex — carbohidrato complejo; simple — carbohidrato simple
References in classic literature ?
He studied the composition of food-stuffs, and knew exactly how many proteids and carbohydrates his body needed; and by scientific chewing he said that he tripled the value of all he ate, so that it cost him eleven cents a day.
While highly processed carbs including added sugars and refined grains, may be linked with health risks, minimally processed carbohydrate food sources, including whole grains, pulses, fruits and vegetables, are linked with health benefits.
Carbohydrate counting or "carb counting" is a meal planning technique for persons with diabetes for managing blood glucose levels by tracking the grams of carbohydrate consumed at meals.
A healthy diet should include small portions of starchy carbohydrate at breakfast, lunch and dinner, 2-3 portions of dairy products each day (more for pregnant and lactating women), 2 portions of red meat each week and oily fish 1-2 per week.
Nutrition for endurance athletes has long been centered on carbohydrate consumption.
Low-carbohydrate diets or 'low-carb' diets are dietary programs that restrict carbohydrate consumption, often for the treatment of obesity or diabetes.
Similar to the effect seen after resistance exercise, consuming protein with carbohydrate during recovery from endurance exercise promotes muscle repair.
While amounts of protein, fat, and carbohydrate appeared similar in both low-carbohydrate groups, there were probably large differences in fiber, protein source, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that could have affected results.
Much of the confusion over low-carbohydrate diets lies in the lack of understanding of what carbohydrates are and their role.
This book has been updated, its goal is to explain the structures of native carbohydrates, chemical reactions used to modify structures of native carbohydrates to make more useful food ingredients, reactions that each carbohydrate may undergo during food processing, storage or preparation, the physicochemical properties of specific carbohydrates that make them useful as food ingredients, the molecular bases of these properties and the functionabilities they impart and last how to select an appropriate carbohydrate ingredient for a specific application.
The increase in obesity in the United States over last 30 years parallels an increase in carbohydrate consumption over the same time period, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) show.
He and his associates randomized 178 otherwise healthy overweight or obese men to one of four diets: one based on standard dietary recommendations (made up of 54% carbohydrates, 30% fat, and 16% protein), a diet with moderate carbohydrate reduction (to 39%), or one of two low (26%)-carbohydrate diets.

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