carbon atom


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to carbon atom: carbon cycle, asymmetric carbon atom
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carbon atom - an atom of carbon
atom - (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
References in periodicals archive ?
So say NASA researchers who have found that molecules containing fluorine atoms are especially effective at trapping heat particularly when several of them bond with a single carbon atom, such as in fluorocarbons.
The approach improves visualization and understanding of all nanostructures and enables calculation of their carbon atom numbers, he added.
In another embodiment, the branched alkyl functional group is a tertiary carbon atom, such as tert-butyl.
One carbon atom combines with two oxygen atoms to form carbon dioxide (CO2).
And crucially, the process doesn't add any extra carbon to the atmosphere, since each carbon atom being released by the reconstituter has already been inhaled from the atmosphere by plants.
2] to show that one carbon atom is linked to two oxygen atoms, like this:
Unfortunately the new molecule is destroyed when it rips hydrogen atoms off a carbon atom.
This leaves behind a lipid radical, which has an unpaired electron on a carbon atom, which reacts with an oxygen molecule to form a lipid peroxyl radical.
When the rod-shaped liquid crystal molecules are added, one end of each molecule attaches to an exposed carbon atom, resulting in the alignment of all the liquid crystal molecules in the direction of the rows.
The C60 molecule has the special property of being able to absorb large numbers of hydrogen atoms--almost one hydrogen atom for each carbon atom --without disrupting the bucky ball structure.
The severe conditions produce a disorderly, non-molecular arrangement of carbon and oxygen atoms linked by single bonds, Santoro says, instead of carbon dioxide's typical molecular configuration--a carbon atom double-bonded to each of two oxygen atoms.