The project involves collaboration with WWF, which has worked with Michelin and RLU to set aside remaining High Carbon Stock (HCS) and High Carbon Value
(HCV) forests in the RLU concessions, as well as critical wildlife conservation and riparian areas.
If adjacent lands had a mean carbon value
of 60% of the District lands, they would be represented by a 0.6 on the spider graph, and so forth.
Critics believe the EPA's health claims unfairly double count benefits from other CAA programs such as the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and that the cost savings are based on an imprecise and ambiguous "social cost of carbon value
." Costs of the measures are estimated by regulated entities to range from $1 billion per year to $1.1 trillion over ten years, and contain other, unquantified potential costs, including impacts on the reliability of power transmission that could have catastrophic effects nationwide.
Yet, the American people were completely left in the dark when this new carbon value
The average recoveries of these fractions in the 0-0.3 m layer at the four sites sampled ranged from 113 to 131% of the measured total carbon value
(Table 2), indicating that this technique may not have been accurate enough to enable the detection of relatively small treatment differences.
Fixed carbon value
was found by difference from the moisture, volatile and ash content values.
The $13 per metric ton of C[O.sub.2] ($48/tC) as valued in the European Climate Exchange (Cozijnsen 2012) a several year average could contribute $24 (bone dry equivalent) toward the cost of collecting wood if the markets were not otherwise restricted, thus monetizing the value into products proportional to their carbon value
, thereby offsetting about half of the cost of delivering forest residuals.
These options (carbon-free wind, nuclear and hydro power on the supply side; heat pumps and enhanced insulation for demand-side efficiency) are competitive with a carbon price of E0 to 50 per tonne, which could be directly financed by the market on the condition that the carbon value
is fully integrated into energy markets with a long-term view, and that some market imperfections that are hindering deployment are removed.
They said energy at crude oil prices of $100 a barrel is estimated at $55bn-$330bn, with carbon value
at $56bn-$218bn, at a price of $40 a tonne.
This is because California's low carbon fuel standard places a much lower carbon value
on sugarcane ethanol than corn-based ethanol, providing oil refiners with an incentive to blend more of the Brazilian fuel.