carbonization


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to carbonization: gasification

car·bon·i·za·tion

 (kär′bə-nĭ-zā′shən)
n.
1. The process of carbonizing.
2. The destructive distillation of bituminous coal, done in the absence of air in order to obtain coke and other fractions having a greater percentage of carbon than the original material.

car•bon•i•za•tion

(ˌkɑr bə nəˈzeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. formation of carbon from organic matter.
2. coal distillation.
[1795–1805]

carbonization

Anaerobic destructive distillation. Coal forms coke in this process; wood forms charcoal.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carbonization - the destructive distillation of coal (as in coke ovens)
destructive distillation - heating a solid substance in a closed container and collecting the volatile products
Translations

carbonization

[ˌkɑːbənaɪˈzeɪʃən] Ncarbonización f

carbonization

nKarbonisation f, → Verkohlung f

carbonization

[ˌkɑːbənaɪˈzeɪʃn] ncarbonizzazione f

carbonization

n. carbonización.
References in periodicals archive ?
We have reported successful manufacture of carbon fibers at laboratory scale, via processing a 100 filament polyacrylonitrile (PAN) precursor tow through a continuous carbonization line, with tensile strength and tensile modulus of up to 5.8 and 375 GPa, respectively [6] Although there has been considerable enhancement in the tensile strength of carbon fibers from about 3.5 GPa in T300 type of carbon fibers to up to 7 GPa in IM10 carbon fiber over last few decades, the highest tensile strength achieved is <10% of the theoretical strength of carboncarbon bond [7,8].
Summary: Carbon microspheres (CMs) with a diameter of 5 -10 um have been synthesized by hydrothermal carbonization of starch and L-arginine.
Simultaneous batch adsorptions used to evaluate the optimal operational conditions for the adsorption showed initial metal ions concentration (5 mg/L), solution pH (6), contact time (90 min), adsorbent dose (3.0 g for Cd(II) and 4.0 g for Pb(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II), particle size (30 um) and carbonization temperature (400AdegC).
Using this growth capital, Black Bear aims to scale up its tire to carbon black technology, a carbonization process used to transform tires into recovered carbon black for use in the production of tires, technical rubber, coatings, plastics and inks.
The automatic process control monitors the development of low temperature carbonization gases and ensures short cleaning times.
Called ZKZM-500, the laser assault rifle is said to cause 'instant carbonization' of human flesh, something that realizes what has only been seen previously in sci-fi films, as reported by The South China Morning Post last Sunday, July 1.
The heat treatments include the carbonization process and subsequent high temperature procedure.
Domestic scholars have performed systematic researches on the macroscopic properties of recycled concrete after carbonization but have conducted little researches from a microscopic viewpoint [7, 8].
The hydration rate of active magnesium oxide is fast, and magnesium hydroxide can react with carbon dioxide (carbonization) to form magnesium carbonate compound which has strong cement strength, and this is an environmentally friendly, sustainable, and efficient new material.
After carbonization of the M-alginates and subsequent acid washing, the metal cations can be removed to produce carbon materials with special porous structure [12].
The tissular reaction zones involved vaporization, carbonization, and necrotic and reversible inflammatory zones.