carbonyl

(redirected from carbonyls)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

car·bon·yl

 (kär′bə-nĭl′)
n.
1. The bivalent group C═O.
2. A metal compound, such as Ni(CO)4, containing the CO group.

car′bon·yl′ic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

carbonyl

(ˈkɑːbəˌnaɪl; -nɪl)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) (modifier) of, consisting of, or containing the divalent group =CO: a carbonyl group or radical.
2. (Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of inorganic complexes in which carbonyl groups are bound directly to metal atoms
carbonylic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

car•bon•yl

(ˈkɑr bə nɪl)
n.
a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide, as nickel carbonyl, Ni(CO)4.
[1865–70]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carbonyl - a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide
carbonyl group - the bivalent radical CO
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Adj.1.carbonyl - relating to or containing the carbonyl group
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Estimation of total carbonyl content was carried out according to the method outlined by Vuorela et al [3] through two different measurements such as quantification of (a) carbonyls and (b) protein.
IR absorption band from OH groups increased during thermooxidation reactions because there is a disequilibrium in the formation and consumption of hydroperoxides throughout the formation of carbonyls, esters, lactones, and ketones groups[22].
Two of the most commonly measured oxidative protein modifications are protein carbonyls and 3-NT, which are used to assess the cellular status of protein oxidation.
Kim, "Derivatization techniques for determination of carbonyls in air," TrAC--Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol.
In detail, GO had significantly higher concentrations of ascorbic acid, total free cysteine, [alpha]-tocopherol, and 3-nitrotyrosine and lower concentrations of lycopene, protein carbonyls, and malondialdehyde.
The first seven chapters discuss medicinal chemistry, covering the topics of organometallic enzyme inhibitors, organometallic steroid analogs, chirality in chemotherapeutics, gold complexes, the antimalarial ferroquine, metal carbonyls as prodrugs, and the electronics of nitrosyl and thiol iron complexes.
The solvents, known to be lung irritants, are composed of nicotine and flavouring, and can even transform into carbonyls, or cancer-causing chemicals such as acetaldehyde and formaldehyde.
Those solvents, known as lung irritants, can transform into something even more worrisome: carbonyls. Carbonyls include cancer-causing chemicals, such as formaldehyde, and suspected carcinogens, such as acetaldehyde.
30 January 2014 - A study, conducted at the US University of Louisville (UofL), has discovered that specific volatile organic compounds (VOCs), known as carbonyls and found in exhaled breath, may help the diagnosis of early-stage lung cancer, UofL said.
The experimental results were then evaluated with respect to the sensitivities or reproducibilities across different carbonyls. In the course of this comparative study, preconcentration of CCs by each system was treated by their basic tools such as cartridge derivatization (HPLC-UV) and sorbent tube trapping (GC).
Protein carbonyls are formed through oxidation of proteins by a variety of mechanisms which are the sensitive markers of oxidative injury.