carboxylic acid


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to carboxylic acid: carboxylic acid derivatives

car·box·yl·ic acid

 (kär′bŏk-sĭl′ĭk)
n.
An organic acid that contains one or more carboxyl groups.

carboxylic acid

(ˌkɑːbɒkˈsɪlɪk)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a class of organic acids containing the carboxyl group. See also fatty acid
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
acetic acid, ethanoic acid - a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals
acid - any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
adipic acid, hexanedioic acid - a carboxylic acid used in the manufacture of nylon
mucic acid - a solid acid (C6H10O8) found in milk or sugar
octanedioic acid, suberic acid - a dicarboxylic acid found in cork
succinic acid - a dicarboxylic acid (C4H6O4) active in metabolic processes
saccharic acid - a white dicarboxylic acid formed from oxidation of sugar or starch
decanedioic acid, sebacic acid - a dicarboxylic acid used to make resins
sorbic acid - a white crystalline carboxylic acid used as a preservative
pentanoic acid, valeric acid - a clear liquid carboxylic acid used in perfumes and drugs
fatty acid - any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22 carbon atoms
benzoic acid - a white crystalline solid occurring in many resins
propanoic acid, propionic acid - a liquid fatty acid found in milk and sweat and in fuel distillates
lactic acid - a clear odorless hygroscopic syrupy carboxylic acid found in sour milk and in many fruits
acrylic acid, propenoic acid - an unsaturated liquid carboxylic acid used in the manufacture of acrylic resins
Translations
حمض كربوكسيلي
карбоксилна киселина
karboxylová kyselina
carboxylsyre
CarbonsäureCarboxylsäure
karboksüülhape
اسیدهای کربوکسیلیک
karboksyylihappo
acide carboxylique
חומצה קרבוקסילית
karboksilna kiselina
カルボン酸
카복실산
acidum carboxylicum
carbonzuur
karboksylsyre
kwas karboksylowy
ácido carboxílico
acid carboxilic
karboxylová kyselina
karboksilna kiselinaкарбоксилна киселина
karboxylsyra
References in periodicals archive ?
Carboxylic acid and phosphate ester derivatives of fluconazole: synthesis and antifungal activities.
Roughly the first half covers basic aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, halogenated derivatives, and alcohol, ether, thiol, and amine groups; the second half delves into more complex reactions involving aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid derivatives, polymerization, and larger biomolecules.
If it is considered that at pH 7.5 most of the carboxylic acid had been ionized, the absorption bands [[upsilon].sub.a]([COO.sup.-]) and [[upsilon].sub.s]([COO.sup.-]) for HA are identified as uncomplexed (Table 2) where Cr-HA is referred to as a chromium-humic acid complex.
The carboxylic acid distributed in the aqueous phase has a strong influence on the wet scrub resistance and on the characteristics of the final products.
It has been reported earlier that this leads to the formation of carboxylic acid groups on the surface, thus making it more hydrophilie.
Crystallization kinetics of pure PBT and PBT blended with an epoxide, which was used to reduce the free carboxylic acid concentration, were compared.
In high-temperature blending or extrusion compounding, the maleic anhydride in the 4700 grade reacts with the free amine of nylon, while the glycidyl methacrylate epoxy group of the 8660 grade reacts with the free carboxylic acid groups of polyester.
Oxea is moving forward in studying the feasibility of a new world-scale production plant for the manufacturing of carboxylic acids. At the same time, the company is also implementing measures to further improve and debottleneck its manufacturing processes at its existing carboxylic acid production units.
9,168,218 B2; L'Oreal has patented a composition that contains photoluminescent polymer (PLP), which is a polyester synthesized from a multifunctional monomer containing two carboxylic acid groups and a functional moiety comprising a carboxylic acid group or a hydroxyl group, and a diol.
The mercapto moieties of said dimercaptothiadiazole are desirably protected from prematurely reacting with, for example, diene-based elastomers and sulfur-containing silica coupling agents by pre-reaction with an aromatic carboxylic acid chloride or by reacting in situ with an aromatic carboxylic acid.
Two special primers explain reaction mechanisms and carboxylic acid derivative reaction mechanisms.