cachexia

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Related to cardiac cachexia: Cardiac catheterization

ca·chex·i·a

 (kə-kĕk′sē-ə)
n.
Weight loss, wasting of muscle, loss of appetite, and general debility that can occur during a chronic disease.

[Late Latin, from Greek kakhexiā : kako-, caco- + hexis, condition (from ekhein, to have; see segh- in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cachexia

(kəˈkɛksɪə) or

cachexy

n
(Pathology) a generally weakened condition of body or mind resulting from any debilitating chronic disease
[C16: from Late Latin from Greek kakhexia, from kakos bad + hexis condition, habit]
cachectic, cachectical, cachexic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ca•chex•i•a

(kəˈkɛk si ə)

also ca•chex•y

(-si)

n.
general ill health with emaciation, usu. occurring in association with a disease.
[1535–45; < Late Latin < Greek, =kak(ós) bad + héx(is) condition]
ca•chec′tic (-tɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cachexia, cachexy

general physical or mental poor health; weakness or malnutrition.
See also: Health
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cachexia - any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
debility, feebleness, frailness, frailty, infirmity, valetudinarianism - the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

ca·chex·i·a

n. caquexia, condición grave que se caracteriza por pérdida excesiva de peso y debilidad general progresiva.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Increased adiponectin level could be caused by cardiac cachexia irrespective of body mass index in heart failure patients (27).
Although heart failure is being viewed as a modern disease due to its ever increasing prevalence, its description can be traced long back to Ebers papyrus (around 1500 BC) that the ancient Egyptians recognized it 'When there is inundation of the heart, the saliva is in excess and therefore the body is weak' and Hippocrates (460370 BCE) gave a much quoted description of cardiac cachexia: 'The flesh is consumed and becomes water; the abdomen fills with water; the feet and legs swell; the shoulders, clavicles, chest and thigh melt away.' It was not until after Harvey described the circulation of blood that Heart Failure (HF) syndrome truly began to be related to heart.
This can accelerate decline in patients with the severe form of body wasting known as cardiac cachexia, in which the body consumes its own fat and muscle.
Clinical exam revealed altered general status, cyanosis with cold extremities, dyspneea with tachypneea 32 respirations/minut, ortopneea, cardiac cachexia, inferior limbs edema, hepatomegaly palpapable to right iliac fosa, IIIrd grade turgid jugular veins, hepato-jugular reflux, hemodinamical stable.
Azarnoush et al., "Mitochondrial protein synthesis is increased in oxidative skeletal muscles of rats with cardiac cachexia," Nutrition Research, vol.
According to the discussion by Niya Jones, chronic heart failure interferes with the absorption of fats and protein in particular; diminished blood flow to the intestines and fluid accumulation, called gut edema, contribute to malabsorption and likely promote the development of cardiac cachexia [36].
This they do by inducing Chronic hypoxia, furthermore, malabsorption and maldigestion are thought to play a role in cardiac cachexia due to dietary inadequacy.14 Unfortunately we did not assess the effect of malabsorption on cardiac disease in our patients.
Experimental and a limited number of clinical studies suggest a therapeutic role for the peptide hormone in patients suffering from heart failure and cardiac cachexia. [6]