decompensation

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de·com·pen·sa·tion

 (dē′kŏm-pən-sā′shən)
n.
1. Medicine The inability of a bodily organ or system, especially the circulatory system, to maintain adequate physiological function in the presence of disease.
2. Psychology The inability to maintain defense mechanisms in response to stress, resulting in personality disturbance or psychological imbalance.

de·com′pen·sate′ v.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

decompensation

(diːˌkɒmpɛnˈseɪʃən)
n
(Pathology) pathol the inability of an organ, esp the heart, to maintain its function due to overload caused by a disease
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

de•com•pen•sa•tion

(ˌdi kɒm pənˈseɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the inability of a diseased heart to compensate for its defect.
2. inability to maintain appropriate psychological defenses, resulting in neurotic or psychotic symptoms.
[1900–05]
de•com′pen•sate`, v.i. -sat•ed, -sat•ing.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations

de·com·pen·sa·tion

n. descompensación, inhabilidad del corazón para mantener una circulación adecuada.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

decompensation

n (psych) descompensación f
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Haemodynamic changes in pregnancy, including increases in heart rate, cardiac output, red cell mass and plasma volume, can lead to increased left atrial pressures and cardiac decompensation. The most common complications in pregnancy are a decline in functional capacity, atrial arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation and pulmonary oedema.
Shiying Liu, M.D., from the University of Toronto, and colleagues retrospectively identified consecutive female cancer survivors previously exposed to potentially cardiotoxic treatments to examine the incidence of cardiac decompensation during pregnancy.
It alters the way a patient responds to stressful stimuli and can lead to acute cardiac decompensation and heart failure before and during perioperative period of liver transplant9.
She underwent heart transplantation at 17 years of age following acute cardiac decompensation due to hypokinetic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).
In our reported case, the presence of severe insufficiency of the aortic valve increased the risk for intraoperative acute cardiac decompensation with low cardiac output and was validated as absolute contraindication for sole OLTx.
Given the high likelihood of cardiac decompensation and risk of cardiovascular collapse of the pump twin fetus, our management was guided by the antepartum surveillance testing (Biophysical Profile and Doppler Flow studies) and the use of the Tei index.
Mortality events, as well as the episodes of acute cardiac decompensation are considered predictable by the investigators, considering the severity of heart failure.
To compensate the dysfunctional anterior wall due to MI, the left posterior wall overworked until cardiac decompensation occurs.
A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of acute cardiac decompensation. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed increased left ventricular end-diastolic volume and diameter (160 mL and 55 mm, resp.), severely compromised left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF 35%) with diffuse hypokinesia, and diastolic grade I dysfunction.
Lorell, "Selective changes in cardiac gene expression during compensated hypertrophy and the transition to cardiac decompensation in rats with chronic aortic banding," Circulation Research, vol.
The enlargement of the ventricle and increase in cardiac weight result in a decrease in cardiac function, thus resulting in cardiac decompensation [32].