For cardiac arrest, diluted crystalloid cardioplegia
, adding ringer solution to total volume of one litter was administered 15-20 ml/kg.
It was possible to avoid cutting the heart muscles, avoid the risks associated with cardiopulmonary bypass, cardioplegia
and the better accessibility for certain defects not approachable otherwise.
Intermittent antegrade and retrograde tepid blood cardioplegia
was used for myocardial protection.
Bruno Reichart more welcoming, but his talk on cardioplegia
in Reichart's department was met with scepticism.
was administered at the discretion of the cardiac surgeon.
Operations were performed under cardiopulmonary bypass during mild hypothermia (32[degrees]C), and myocardial protection was achieved with cold crystalloid cardioplegia
and topical cooling.
Following the aortic cross-clamping, diastolic cardiac arrest was maintained via antegrade cardioplegia
administration from the aortic root.
After cross clamping the ascending aorta, the aorta was transected and antegrade cold blood cardioplegia
was infused through the coronary Ostia.
Myocardial protection was achieved using antegrade cold blood cardioplegia
. CPB time was 62 minutes and aortic cross clamp time was 38 minutes, and the patient required no inotropic support.
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was established, and cold blood-based cardioplegia
(4:1) was delivered in antegrade initially and retrograde fashion through the coronary sinus as per standard.
During the surgery, antegrade cardioplegia
was first administered to achieve electromechanical arrest.