Some species possess hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, cardiotonic
, antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activity (7-8).
Lagenaria siceraria is conventionally utilized for its cardioprotective, cardiotonic
, all purpose tonic properties and is also used as purgative and diuretic9.
Once there, doctors commenced CPR and injected a cardiotonic
agent, however, they were unsuccessful in resuscitating the child.
It is an erect, woody plant growing up to 50 cm and has been used as a medicine for a variety of problems including gonorrhea, syphilis, sore eyes, renal infection, cough, scalds, stomach ache, kidney stones, tumors, rheumatic complaints, dental problems, itches, insect bites, paronychia, venereal diseases, for wound healing and as a cardiotonic
and antiulcer agent.
agent that acts by eliciting strong peripheral
Parotoid glands, are large post-orbital serous glands that produce and store a viscous and creamy poisonous secretion composed of proteins, serine proteases, peptides, biogenic amines, cardiotonic
steroids and alkaloids (Clarke, 1997; Anjolette et al., 2015).
Different parts of various species have been useful to cure various ailments including malaria, leprosy, rheumatism, abdominal tumors, skin diseases such as herpes, scabies and ulcers [10-11], cardiotonic
, diuretic and hypotensive .
(26.) Shoji, N., Iwasa, A., Jakemoto, T., Ishida, Y., Ohizuma, Y.: Cardiotonic
principle of ginger (Zinigiber officinale Rosc.).
Among the classes of drugs frequently cited as those related to admission to hospital are those that act on the cardiovascular system (including diuretics, cardiotonic
glycosides and betablockers), psychotropic, antiplatelet, antiepileptic and hypoglycemic medications, almost the same as those identified in the present study (13).
From medicinal point of view, the Carnation flowers are considered to be cardiotonic
, diaphoretic and alexiteric (Shiragur et al., 2004).
The phytochemical prospection occurred through characterization reactions, evaluating the presence of phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids, free coumarins, anthocyanins, anthraquinone, steroids, triterpenes, alkaloids, saponins, cardiotonic
glycosides, cyanogenic heterosides and reducing sugar, all analyzes were performed in triplicate following methodology adapted by Matos (2009).
Ancient uses of annatto extracts for folk medicine served as a skin protectant, cardiotonic
, anti-inflammatory, and even antibiotic.