carnitine


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car·ni·tine

 (kär′nĭ-tēn′)
n.
A compound that functions in fatty acid metabolism by transporting fatty acids into mitochondria for energy production. It is naturally produced in the body and is present in many animal products, especially red meat. It is also sold as a dietary supplement for its purported health benefits.

[German Karnitin, from Karnin, a basic substance derived from meat, from Latin carō, carn-, flesh; see carnal.]

carnitine

(ˈkɑːnɪˌtaɪn)
n
a white betaine, C7H15NO3, found in the liver and required for transporting fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria
Translations

carnitine

n carnitina
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References in periodicals archive ?
Carnitine insufficiency can be also observed in chronic liver and kidney diseases due to increased excretion of carnitine with urine and bile.
The coffee shot proprietor, knowing of my carnitine history and overhearing my disgruntled conversation with myself, remarked, "Doc, it was all over the television news last night.
But it is interesting to note that processed meats typically contain less carnitine than fresh red meat.
Further, the research finds that a diet high in carnitine promotes the growth of the bacteria that metabolize carnitine, compounding the problem by producing even more of the artery-clogging TMAO.
Pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways which compromise sperm motility and survival may be altered by L carnitine.
EVALUATION OF FIVE DIFFERENT SCAN FUNCTIONS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF CARNITINE IN HUMAN PLASMA BY TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY
When carnitine is missing from the diet, it has been estimated that a person's metabolic prowess is reduced by as much as half.
Recently, an increasing number of people believe that carnitine is an important substance, which can be supplemented in diets for weight loss in humans, as well as in pets; hence, it is common to find in the marketplace a variety of products supplemented with carnitine or even pure carnitine to consume for weight loss purposes; however, many doubts remain in the field of nutrition related to the veracity ofthis postulate, making it necessary to delve into the metabolic ways in which this molecule is implicated.
Her behavioral disturbance was attributed to ingesting excessive amounts of carnitine supplements, and Ms.
This feature brought a question to minds: whether endogenously produced carnitine is sufficient during exercise.
Washington, Aug 13 (ANI): A new study by researchers at Duke University Medical Center showed that supplementing obese rats with the nutrient carnitine improved their glucose tolerance, a health outcome that indicates a lower risk of diabetes.
Dietary carnitine significantly decreased the mRNA level of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), an indicator of bone resorption by 72.