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Either of the two major arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood to the head.
Of or relating to either of these arteries.

[French carotide, from Greek karōtides, carotid arteries, from karoun, to stupefy (because compression of these arteries causes loss of consciousness); see ker- in Indo-European roots.]


(kəˈrɒtɪd) or

carotid artery

(Anatomy) either one of the two principal arteries that supply blood to the head and neck
(Anatomy) of or relating to either of these arteries
[C17: from French, from Greek karōtides, from karoun to stupefy; so named by Galen, because pressure on them produced unconsciousness]
caˈrotidal adj


(kəˈrɒt ɪd)

1. Also called carot′id ar`tery. either of two large arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood from the aorta to the head.
2. pertaining to a carotid artery.
[1660–70; < Greek karōtídes neck arteries]
ca•rot′id•al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.carotid - of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck


[kəˈrɒtɪd] N (also carotid artery) → carótida f

carotid (artery)

nHalsschlagader f, → Karotide f (spec)


n. carótida, arteria una de las dos arterias del cuello;
___ arteriesarterias ___ -s;
___ sinusseno de la ___;
___ sinus syncopesíncope del seno de la ___.


adj carotideo, (artery) carótido
References in classic literature ?
He knew enough anatomy to make pretty certain of getting the carotid artery.
Two thumbs pressed into his neck on either side of the windpipe directly on the carotid arteries, shutting off the blood to his brain and giving him most exquisite agony, at the same time rendering him unconscious far more swiftly than the swiftest anaesthetic.
It was pierced by a very small but very deep wound, which had divided the carotid artery.
Pseudoaneurysm of the carotid artery is extremely rare and mostly are result of blunt or penetrating trauma.
Objective: As a vascular risk factor, carotid atherosclerosis is crucial to cognitive impairment.
CT angiography of the neck demonstrates a normal course of the left common carotid artery, which terminates/continues as the external carotid artery; there is no bifurcation and no internal carotid artery (Figure 1).
USPRwire, Fri Aug 19 2016] Global Carotid Endarterectomy Market 2016 Research Report initially provides a basic overview of the industry that covers definition, applications and manufacturing technology, post which the report explores into the international players in the market.
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of carotid artery stenting in patients with carotid artery stenosis.
Surgical treatment of a spontaneous rupture of a giant common carotid artery aneurysm
Patients with carotid artery stenosis are at higher risk of development of stroke and recurrence of stroke after a stroke/TIA.
A CT scan demonstrated a right-sided 2 cm mass located between the external and internal carotid arteries that enhanced with contrast and caused splaying of the carotid bifurcation, suggesting a carotid body tumor (Figure A).