case system


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Related to case system: Case endings

case′ sys`tem


n.
a method of teaching law that focuses on analysis and discussion of selected cases rather than on textbook instruction.
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For example, [CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]i[CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]rab, which in Arabic relates to case vowels in particular, Saadia uses for "vocalization" in general, since Hebrew has only an archaic case system. Similarly, the terms raf[CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] nasb which in Arabic refer to case vowels (subject: object, respectively), are made to indicate groups of Hebrew vowels: holamlsuruq qamas-patah-segol.
She describes the perspective of language family-oriented grammar design, analyzing the concept of shared grammar and such elements of Slavic languages as the case system, then examines the grammatical relatedness of Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG), giving recent developments, arguments, grammatical relations, and diathetic paradigms, and takes on the challenge of Russian infinitival existential constructions with HPSG analysis, developing a metagrammar of systemic relations.
We like to think that ours is a difficult tongue to master but stand it alongside German, with its six words for 'the' and a baffling case system.
Coverage includes the historical development of the English case system; three case constraints (Argument, Positional, and Default); the weak/strong distinction in the English pronoun system; the distribution of pronoun case forms in strong pronoun contexts (coordinates, pronoun-NP constructions, it-clefts, and than- comparatives); Relative Positional Coding and the Invariant Strong Form constraints; modeling the interaction of constraints; the distribution of personal pronoun forms in other strong pronoun contexts; the distribution of wh-pronoun forms; and current pronoun case trends as seen in relation to historical changes in the English case system and in the licensing of structural arguments.
In these papers from the symposium of 2003, participants describe their work toward a Tibeto-Burman theory with such topics as the Mon language which preceded Burmese as a literary language, the problems presented by the old Tibetan syllable, the primary syntactic categories of the case system in Old Tibetan, Classical Tibetan and modern dialect forms, the evolution of the Burmese phonological system, the Rgyalrong dialect, a little-known text in the early Yi language, the theoretical problem of grammatical iconicity, and a comparison of Tibeto-Burman and Chinese.