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case 1

1. An instance or occurrence of a particular kind or category: a case of mistaken identity. See Synonyms at example.
2. An occurrence of a disease or disorder: a mild case of flu.
3. A set of circumstances or a state of affairs; a situation: It may rain, in which case the hike will be canceled.
4. Actual fact; reality: We suspected the walls were hollow, and this proved to be the case.
5. A question or problem; a matter: It is simply a case of honor.
6. A situation that requires investigation, especially by a formal or official body.
7. Law
a. An action or a suit or just grounds for an action.
b. The facts or evidence offered in support of a claim.
8. A set of reasons or supporting facts; an argument: presented a good case for changing the law.
9. A person being assisted, treated, or studied, as by a physician, lawyer, or social worker.
10. Informal A peculiar or eccentric person; a character.
11. Linguistics
a. In traditional grammar, a distinct form of a noun, pronoun, or modifier that is used to express one or more particular syntactic relationships to other words in a sentence.
b. Case In some varieties of generative grammar, the thematic or semantic role of a noun phrase as represented abstractly but not necessarily indicated overtly in surface structure. In such frameworks, nouns in English have Case even in the absence of inflectional case endings.
in any case
Regardless of what has occurred or will occur.
in case
1. If it happens that; if: In case she dies without heirs, her money will go to charity.
2. To be prepared for the possibility that: bring the charger in case the battery runs low.
3. As a precaution: took along an umbrella, just in case.
in case of
If there should happen to be: a number to call in case of emergency.
off (someone's) case
No longer nagging or urging someone to do something.
on (someone's) case
Persistently nagging or urging someone to do something.

[Middle English cas, from Old French, from Latin cāsus, from past participle of cadere, to fall; see kad- in Indo-European roots.]

case 2

1. A container; a receptacle: a jewelry case; meat-filled cases of dough.
2. A container with its contents.
3. A decorative or protective covering or cover.
4. A set or pair: a case of pistols.
5. The frame or framework of a window, door, or stairway.
6. The surface or outer layer of a metal alloy.
7. Printing
a. A shallow compartmented tray for storing type or type matrices.
b. The form of a written, printed, or keyed letter that distinguishes it as being lowercase or uppercase: typed the password using the wrong case.
tr.v. cased, cas·ing, cas·es
1. To put into or cover with a case; encase.
2. Slang To examine carefully, as in planning a crime: cased the bank before robbing it.

[Middle English, from Norman French casse, from Latin capsa.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.cased - covered or protected with or as if with a case; "knights cased in steel"; "products encased in leatherette"
sheathed - enclosed in a protective covering; sometimes used in combination; "his sheathed sword"; "the cat's sheathed claws"; "a ship's bottom sheathed in copper"; "copper-sheathed"
2.cased - enclosed in a case
bound - secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form; "bound volumes"; "leather-bound volumes"
References in classic literature ?
It was a short, cold Christmas; and as the short northern day merged into night, we found ourselves almost broad upon the wintry ocean, whose freezing spray cased us in ice, as in polished armor.
On the flanks it is cased with wood, and at top completely covered by a large, sloping, battened hatchway.
But I lost the thread there, and dozed off to slumber, thinking about what a pity it was that men with such superb strength -- strength enabling them to stand up cased in cruelly burdensome iron and drenched with perspiration, and hack and batter and bang each other for six hours on a stretch -- should not have been born at a time when they could put it to some useful purpose.