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The keeper or governor of a castle.

[Middle English castelain, from Norman French, from Medieval Latin castellānus, from Latin, of a fortress, from castellum, stronghold; see castle.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Fortifications) rare a keeper or governor of a castle. Also called: chatelain
[C14: from Latin castellānus, from castellum castle]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkæs tl n, kæˈstɛl ən)

the governor of a castle.
[1350–1400; < Old North French < Latin castellānus occupant of a fortress]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


nSchlossvogt m, → Kastellan m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
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He, seeing this grotesque figure clad in armour that did not match any more than his saddle, bridle, lance, buckler, or corselet, was not at all indisposed to join the damsels in their manifestations of amusement; but, in truth, standing in awe of such a complicated armament, he thought it best to speak him fairly, so he said, "Senor Caballero, if your worship wants lodging, bating the bed (for there is not one in the inn) there is plenty of everything else here." Don Quixote, observing the respectful bearing of the Alcaide of the fortress (for so innkeeper and inn seemed in his eyes), made answer, "Sir Castellan, for me anything will suffice, for
The host fancied he called him Castellan because he took him for a "worthy of Castile," though he was in fact an Andalusian, and one from the strand of San Lucar, as crafty a thief as Cacus and as full of tricks as a student or a page.
While this was going on there came up to the inn a sowgelder, who, as he approached, sounded his reed pipe four or five times, and thereby completely convinced Don Quixote that he was in some famous castle, and that they were regaling him with music, and that the stockfish was trout, the bread the whitest, the wenches ladies, and the landlord the castellan of the castle; and consequently he held that his enterprise and sally had been to some purpose.
In this dilemma the squatter was obliged to constitute the girl herself castellan; taking care, however, in deputing this important trust, to omit no words of caution and instruction.
Each of the castellans had one to ensure that one can do nothing with the property without an agreement of the other two.
Barons and Castellans: The Military Nobility of Renaissance Italy
The use of the motifs of the equestrian figure and the lion wrestler signalled the elevation of the leading family from castellans to lords with authority and a hereditary title.
Some twenty other royal castles were given new castellans, responsible ostensibly to the King but actually to the committee, and a new fifteen-member council of state was chosen to run the administration along with the justiciar and other officials under the eye of the greater council of twenty-four, The royal order for this was issued on June 22nd and the decisions of the parliament were termed the Provisions of Oxford.
Historians of eleventh-century Catalonia tend to portray this region as part of a Europe-wide "millennial crisis" or even a "feudal revolution," a power struggle between counts and castellans that only the counts' desperate mimicry of the castellans' "feudal" power arrangements resolved.