This could almost serve as a textbook definition for an early modern casuistical
notion called the doctrine of equivocation.
Starr's Defoe and Casuistry (1971) argues that the importance of the casuistical
tradition in reading Defoe has to do with the way its partitioning of moral experience into discrete "cases" bears significantly upon the author's construction of novelistic perspective: "The continuity of each character's struggle breaks down into a sequence of local crises, each somewhat isolated from those that precede and follow it, and I think we can regard such plotting (or nonplotting) as the expression of a casuistical
conception of life without implying that it is peculiar to casuistry, or that it is Defoe's only mode of analyzing experience" (x).
According to Chiragh 'Ali, the political and social reforms that he explained in the first and second parts of the book were neither casuistical
deductions, nor fortuitous interpretations, nor analogical constructions of the Qur'an.
Given Tolstois casuistical
bent, the details of every situation probably determine the right course.
14) Rather than reforming a casuistical
This is the environment that gave rise to the casuistical
exercises most probably compiled by Fr Thomas Southwell, an English Jesuit priest, and now edited and translated by Peter Holmes.
In essence, Defensio fidei was a casuistical
defense of revolution and civil disobedience; it authorized the use of violent force, under certain circumstances, to resist and even overthrow a king.
Eloise is seduced by the casuistical
Nempere, rescued by another libertine, and finally ends up marrying Fitzeustace, a Peacockian parody of the typical Shelleyan Poet.
Alternatively, he identifies the transformation that conscience has undergone from the Tudor era when casuistical
moral reasoning allowed a differentiated and atomistic conscience, to a formalist time, in which an objective conscience of either judge, court or law was engaged to curb moral relativism.
This is due in large part, Ettenhuber contends, to the casuistical
nature of Biathanatos.
Unlike Graham Greene in adulterous mode, he proffered no moonbeams from the larger casuistical
Indeed, it may be suggested that the growth of casuistical
divinity in the early seventeenth century arose not only in response to parishioners' anxiety, but at least in part because of new anti-Calvinist arguments that certain assurance could not be secured.