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The metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, often resulting in a release of energy.

cat′a·bol′ic (kăt′ə-bŏl′ĭk) adj.
cat′a·bol′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.catabolic - relating to or characterized by catabolism
2.catabolic - characterized by destructive metabolism
anabolic - characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism; "some athletes take anabolic steroids to increase muscle size temporarily"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


adj catabólico
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
You'll notice how your cognitive skills aren't the best and you'll experience how your body often falls into a ( catabolic state .
They also identified three BCAA catabolic enzymes - BCKDHA, ACADS, and ACADSB that were the best predictors of patient survival (Refer to Figure 1 of Annex A for details).
Absolute indication for a feeding jejunostomy is as an additional procedure in patients undergoing major surgery of upper GI and as a palliative care technique for patients suffering from malignant inoperable neoplasms who are hypermetabolic or hyper catabolic. Feeding jejunostomy is indicated for every patient undergoing esophagectomy via laparotomy12 and administration of nutrition via a feeding jejunostomy is financially viable and in comparison, with TPN is cost effective13 as is described later in the price comparison.
"A net gain in protein balance (i.e., synthesis minus breakdown) is called an anabolic response, as opposed to a catabolic response caused by the rate of protein breakdown exceeding the rate of protein synthesis.
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of different ages of rubber tree plantation on soil microbial activity based on the MicroResp-CLPP (community level physiological profile) analysis which provides a direct measurement of microbial communities catabolic profile and reflects the actual size of the microbial population (13) and can determines the immediate response of active microorganisms in a short-term period, providing physiological information.
More potential bad news for the older cats: Their concentrations of sulfated microbial catabolic products - protein-breakdown leftovers that in humans are connected to cardiovascular and kidney disease - were significantly higher.
Cc - the value of catabolic pool of low and medium molecular weight substances in plasma: Cc = (E242+E254)X12;
In What Dreams Lie Within (Figure), dark tones represent muscle atrophy recessed against a bony torso and sunken cheeks to highlight the debilitating cost of advanced stages of tuberculosis, partly due to catabolic losses by a cachetin-induced mechanism (a macrophage-secreted cytokine) (9) and malnutrition (10).
Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) work by stopping the natural breakdown of tissue by degradative or "catabolic" proteins and over time reversing the process to stimulate healing.
To get a better understanding of the mechanisms whereby gut bacteria may influence response to PD-1 inhibitors, they performed metagenomic analysis on samples from 14 responders and 11 nonresponders, and found that responders had micro-organisms predominantly associated with anabolic functions that may support host immunity, whereas nonresponders had microbiomes where catabolic functions were more common.
The gene nucleus pulposus cell-related genes (collagen II and aggrecan), mesenchymal stem cell-related genes (Oct-4, Nanog), inflammatory marker genes (TNF-[alpha], IL-1[beta]), and catabolic genes (MMP-1, MMP-13) were determined by qRT-PCR.