catabolism


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ca·tab·o·lism

 (kə-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
The metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, often resulting in a release of energy.


cat′a·bol′ic (kăt′ə-bŏl′ĭk) adj.
cat′a·bol′i·cal·ly adv.

catabolism

(kəˈtæbəˌlɪzəm) or

katabolism

n
(Biochemistry) a metabolic process in which complex molecules are broken down into simple ones with the release of energy; destructive metabolism. Compare anabolism
[C19 katabolism, from Greek katabolē a throwing down, from kataballein, from kata- down + ballein to throw]
catabolic, katabolic adj
ˌcataˈbolically, ˌkataˈbolically adv

ca•tab•o•lism

(kəˈtæb əˌlɪz əm)

n.
destructive metabolism; the breaking down in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones, with the release of energy (opposed to anabolism).
[1875–80; cata- + (meta)bolism]
cat•a•bol•ic (ˌkæt əˈbɒl ɪk) adj.
cat`a•bol′i•cal•ly, adv.
ca•tab′o•lize`, v.i., v.t. -lized, -liz•ing.

ca·tab·o·lism

(kə-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
The phase of metabolism in which energy in the form of ATP is produced by the breakdown of complex molecules, such as proteins and fats, into simpler ones. Compare anabolism.

catabolic adjective

catabolism

1. the metabolic process in which energy is liberated for use in work.
2. destructive metabolism.
See also: Change
Biology, Physiology. the destructive processes of chemical ehange in living organisms, characterized by the breaking down of complex substances into simpler ones, with a release of energy. Cf. anabolism. — catabolic, adj.
See also: Organisms
the destructive process of metabolism in which living matter is turned into waste. — catabolic, adj.
See also: Decaying

catabolism

Chemical reactions in the body that break down complex food substances into simpler substances, releasing energy.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.catabolism - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
metabolic process, metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
Translations
katabolizam
katabolizm

catabolism

nAbbaustoffwechsel m, → Katabolismus m (spec)

ca·tab·o·lism

n. catabolismo, proceso por el cual sustancias complejas se reducen a compuestos más simples.
References in periodicals archive ?
The archaeal cholesterol catabolism can deplete the cell membranes of cholesterol resulting in organelle dysfunction and neuronal degeneration important in autism, trisomy 21 and cerebral palsy.
Accurate quantification of plasma remnants is complicated because they are difficult to differentiate from their triglyceride-rich precursors, their rapid catabolism produces low concentrations in plasma, and at any given time, they are heterogeneous in size, density, and composition because they are present at various stages of catabolism.
The catabolism of L-DOPA might therefore interfere, at various steps, with homocysteine metabolism.
The book first covers the chemical, physical and biological basics, including wastewater characteristics, microbial metabolism, determining stoichiometric equations for catabolism and anabolism, measurements of mass transfer and respiration rates and the aerobic treatment of wastewater loaded with dissolved organics.
By activating PPAR Delta, which regulates lipid catabolism and energy utilization in peripheral tissues, KD3010 is designed to address the underlying metabolic derangement of these disorders.
a pioneer in developing and aggregating biological information, today announced it will unveil its first proprietary database, Cognia Catabolism, covering key regulatory proteins of the ubiquitin system at the June 26 "Ubiquitin in Drug Discovery and Development" Conference.
Oxandrin(R) is an oral tablet, which contains oxandrolone, indicated as adjunctive therapy to promote weight gain after involuntary weight loss following extensive surgery, chronic infections, or severe trauma, and in some patients who without definite pathophysiologic reasons fail to gain weight or to maintain normal weight, to offset the protein catabolism associated with prolonged administration of corticosteroids, and for the relief of the bone pain frequently accompanying osteoporosis.
Pharmokinetic Profile of Time Released and Non-Time Released Oral Arginine," "Effects Of Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate Supplementation on Body Composition and Training Adaptations," "Effects of Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate Supplementation on Markers of Catabolism and Health Status" and "Effects of Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate Supplementation on Quality of Life.
The conjugation of drug-linkers to an antibody can result in increased nonspecific uptake and catabolism in healthy tissues.
Instead, studies revealed a high degree of metabolic consistency focused on the catabolism of alpha amino acids, gamma aminobutyric acid, and myoinositol.
Catabolism and biotechnological applications of cholesterol degrading bacteria.
M2 PHARMA-March 29, 2017-Sciex Launches New Solutions for Metabolism, Biologic Catabolism Studies