catabolism

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ca·tab·o·lism

 (kə-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
The metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, often resulting in a release of energy.


cat′a·bol′ic (kăt′ə-bŏl′ĭk) adj.
cat′a·bol′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

catabolism

(kəˈtæbəˌlɪzəm) or

katabolism

n
(Biochemistry) a metabolic process in which complex molecules are broken down into simple ones with the release of energy; destructive metabolism. Compare anabolism
[C19 katabolism, from Greek katabolē a throwing down, from kataballein, from kata- down + ballein to throw]
catabolic, katabolic adj
ˌcataˈbolically, ˌkataˈbolically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ca•tab•o•lism

(kəˈtæb əˌlɪz əm)

n.
destructive metabolism; the breaking down in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones, with the release of energy (opposed to anabolism).
[1875–80; cata- + (meta)bolism]
cat•a•bol•ic (ˌkæt əˈbɒl ɪk) adj.
cat`a•bol′i•cal•ly, adv.
ca•tab′o•lize`, v.i., v.t. -lized, -liz•ing.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ca·tab·o·lism

(kə-tăb′ə-lĭz′əm)
The phase of metabolism in which energy in the form of ATP is produced by the breakdown of complex molecules, such as proteins and fats, into simpler ones. Compare anabolism.

catabolic adjective
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

catabolism

1. the metabolic process in which energy is liberated for use in work.
2. destructive metabolism.
See also: Change
Biology, Physiology. the destructive processes of chemical ehange in living organisms, characterized by the breaking down of complex substances into simpler ones, with a release of energy. Cf. anabolism. — catabolic, adj.
See also: Organisms
the destructive process of metabolism in which living matter is turned into waste. — catabolic, adj.
See also: Decaying
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

catabolism

Chemical reactions in the body that break down complex food substances into simpler substances, releasing energy.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.catabolism - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
metabolic process, metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
katabolizam
katabolizm

catabolism

nAbbaustoffwechsel m, → Katabolismus m (spec)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

ca·tab·o·lism

n. catabolismo, proceso por el cual sustancias complejas se reducen a compuestos más simples.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012