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A substance produced by the process of catabolism.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biochemistry) a substance produced as a result of catabolism
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(kəˈtæb əˌlaɪt)

a product of catabolism.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This enabled catabolites and some other toxic substances to cross the membrane when this fluid was instilled in the abdomen.
[5] Ergoreceptors activation has been subject of several recent studies in heart failure syndrome, where metabolic abnormalities in skeletal muscles with early acidosis and accumulation of catabolites on exercise have been shown to be responsible for their enhanced activity.
The new '5-HT' hypothesis of depression: cell-mediated immune activation induces indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, which leads to lower plasma tryptophan and an increased synthesis of detrimental tryptophan catabolites (TRYCATs), both of which contribute to the onset of depression.
Additionally, caffeine along with its catabolites, theobromine and xanthine, has a structure similar to uric acid, which is an antioxidant compound.
The gut microbiota plays an important role in the metabolism and biotranformation of curcumin into a range of catabolites [29].
In this way, the depletion of tryptophan and the accumulation of immunosuppressive tryptophan catabolites do impair T cell activation and proliferation inducing anergy and apoptosis [30].
Alterations in tryptophan (Trp) metabolism are among the best characterized given the immunomodulatory role of Trp and its catabolites [149, 150].
You et al., "The combined effects of tryptophan starvation and tryptophan catabolites downregulate T cell receptor zeta-chain and induce a regulatory phenotype in naive T cells," The Journal of Immunology, vol.
It is a recombinant form of carboxypeptidase G2 which is a bacterial enzyme that cleaves methotrexate into two catabolites. These catabolites are much less toxic than the parent compound and are excreted hepatically [20].
Also, the composition of the microbiota determines the levels and nature of tryptophan catabolites, which in turn have profound effects on epithelial barrier integrity.
Parathyroid hormone levels may also be associated with poor sleep.5 Tryptophan reducing enzyme indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase causes tryptophan catabolites increase in HD patients.