Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


intr. & tr.v. ca·tab·o·lized, ca·tab·o·liz·ing, ca·tab·o·liz·es
To undergo or cause to undergo catabolism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(kəˈtæbəˌlaɪz) or


vb (tr)
(General Physics) to subject to catabolism
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.catabolize - subject to catabolism
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
oxidise, oxidize, oxidate - add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bacteroides can catabolize plant polysaccharides derived from the diet and are involved in polysaccharide degradation in the human gut.
The ability to catabolize sugars and short-chain fatty acids was inconsistent within and between ants.
"In normal acid-base balance, the kidneys extract and catabolize very little of the plasma glutamine, but during acute and chronic acidosis the extraction of glutamine by the kidneys increases significantly."
At sites of pulmonary infection, UREA cells are unable to catabolize urea in lung tissue and fail to lower the pH (tissue pH 7.2 for URE[DELTA] versus pH 7.7 for wild type).
This increase may be an initiating signal for apoptosis and is likely to be destructive to the cell in that it will catabolize polyamine to act as a cellular ROS scavenger.
Leukodystrophies are disorders which are characterized by the progressive destruction of myelin owing to the accumulation of various catabolize depending on the specific enzyme deficiency.
Beavers in northern climates can face severe nutritional restriction in winter, losing up to 25% of their body mass as they metabolize fat reserves or catabolize protein (Smith and Jenkins 1997, Smith et al.
The inability of the endosomal system to catabolize abnormal light chains results in pathologic alterations.
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) which is able to catabolize adenosine plays an obbligato role in [CD39.sup.-]CD73-adenosine pathway [10].
ACE2 contributes to the balance of both RAS mediators, AngII and Ang1-7, because this enzyme can catabolize AngII to Ang1-7 which counteracts many pathophysiological effects of AngII [20].
However, ON-2010 does have a strain-specific insertion that contains the hydroxyphenylacetate (hpa) operon, which may provide a nutritional advantage by enabling the organism to catabolize the phenolic and aromatic compounds abundant in the gut.
The human cell contains endosymbiotic archaea with ability to catabolize cholesterol and synthesise digoxin.