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intr. & tr.v. ca·tab·o·lized, ca·tab·o·liz·ing, ca·tab·o·liz·es
To undergo or cause to undergo catabolism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(kəˈtæbəˌlaɪz) or


vb (tr)
(General Physics) to subject to catabolism
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.catabolize - subject to catabolism
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
oxidise, oxidize, oxidate - add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
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References in periodicals archive ?
(29) MAO is an enzyme that catabolizes certain amines in the brain, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a rate-limiting enzyme that catabolizes tryptophan into a stable metabolite under the kynurenine pathway.
It was shown that proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1[beta], and reactive oxygen species can enhance the activity of IDO, which catabolizes tryptophan into kynurenine, which is further catabolized into kynurenic acid and quinolinic acid [46].
Fusobacteriumnucleatum catabolizes glutamate whereas zinc inhibits this catabolic reaction and causes inhibition of growth; along with this it also prevents the growth of Prevotellaintermedia by inhibiting the catabolism of aspartyl-aspartate and aspartate.