catastrophe


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ca·tas·tro·phe

 (kə-tăs′trə-fē)
n.
1. A great, often sudden calamity.
2. A complete failure; a fiasco: The food was cold, the guests quarreled—the whole dinner was a catastrophe.
3. The concluding action of a drama, especially a classical tragedy, following the climax and containing a resolution of the plot.
4. A sudden violent change in the earth's surface; a cataclysm.

[Greek katastrophē, an overturning, ruin, conclusion, from katastrephein, to ruin, undo : kata-, cata- + strephein, to turn; see streb(h)- in Indo-European roots.]

catastrophe

(kəˈtæstrəfɪ)
n
1. a sudden, extensive, or notable disaster or misfortune
2. (Theatre) the denouement of a play, esp a classical tragedy
3. a final decisive event, usually causing a disastrous end
4. (Geological Science) Also called: cataclysm any sudden and violent change in the earth's surface caused by flooding, earthquake, or some other rapid process
[C16: from Greek katastrophē, from katastrephein to overturn, from strephein to turn]
catastrophic adj
ˌcataˈstrophically adv

ca•tas•tro•phe

(kəˈtæs trə fi)

n.
1. a sudden and widespread disaster.
2. any misfortune or failure; fiasco.
3. a disastrous end.
4. the point in a drama following the climax and introducing the conclusion.
5. a sudden, violent disturbance, esp. of a part of the surface of the earth.
[1570–80; < Greek katastrophḗ an overturning, n. derivative of katastréphein to overturn. See cata-, strophe]
cat•a•stroph•ic (ˌkæt əˈstrɒf ɪk) cat`a•stroph′i•cal, adj.
cat`a•stroph′i•cal•ly, adv.
syn: See disaster.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.catastrophe - an event resulting in great loss and misfortunecatastrophe - an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; "the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"; "the earthquake was a disaster"
misfortune, bad luck - unnecessary and unforeseen trouble resulting from an unfortunate event
act of God, force majeure, inevitable accident, unavoidable casualty, vis major - a natural and unavoidable catastrophe that interrupts the expected course of events; "he discovered that his house was not insured against acts of God"
apocalypse - a cosmic cataclysm in which God destroys the ruling powers of evil
famine - a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death
kiss of death - something that is ruinous; "if this were known it would be the kiss of death for my political career"
meltdown - a disaster comparable to a nuclear meltdown; "there is little likelihood of a meltdown comparable to the American banking collapse in March 1933"
plague - any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God)
visitation - any disaster or catastrophe; "a visitation of the plague"
tidal wave - an unusual (and often destructive) rise of water along the seashore caused by a storm or a combination of wind and high tide
tsunami - a cataclysm resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption; "a colossal tsunami destroyed the Minoan civilization in minutes"
2.catastrophe - a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortunecatastrophe - a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune; "lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster"
adversity, hard knocks, hardship - a state of misfortune or affliction; "debt-ridden farmers struggling with adversity"; "a life of hardship"
3.catastrophe - a sudden violent change in the earth's surface
geological phenomenon - a natural phenomenon involving the structure or composition of the earth
nuclear winter - a long period of darkness and extreme cold that scientists predict would follow a full-scale nuclear war; a layer of dust and smoke in the atmosphere would cover the earth and block the rays of the sun; most living organisms would perish

catastrophe

noun disaster, tragedy, calamity, meltdown (informal), cataclysm, trouble, trial, blow, failure, reverse, misfortune, devastation, adversity, mishap, affliction, whammy (informal, chiefly U.S.), bummer (slang), mischance, fiasco The world is heading towards an environmental catastrophe.

catastrophe

noun
An occurrence inflicting widespread destruction and distress:
Translations
كارِثَه، نَكْبَه، ، فاجِعَهنَكْبَة
katastrofa
katastrofe
katastrofi
katastrofa
katasztrófaszerencsétlenség
stórslys; náttúruhamfarir; hörmungarslys
大災害
대참사
katastrofakatastrofiškai
katastrofa
katastrof
ความหายนะ
âfetfelaketfelâket
tai họa

catastrophe

[kəˈtæstrəfɪ] Ncatástrofe f

catastrophe

[kəˈtæstrəfi] ncatastrophe f

catastrophe

nKatastrophe f; to end in catastropheverhängnisvoll or in einer Katastrophe enden; to be heading for catastropheauf eine Katastrophe zusteuern; to be the final catastrophe for somebodyjdm schließlich zum Verhängnis werden

catastrophe

[kəˈtæstrəfɪ] ncatastrofe f

catastrophe

(kəˈtӕstrəfi) noun
a sudden great disaster. earthquakes and other natural catastrophes; Her brother's death was a catastrophe for the family.
catastrophic (kӕtəˈstrofik) adjective
ˌcataˈstrophically adverb

catastrophe

نَكْبَة katastrofa katastrofe Katastrophe καταστροφή catástrofe katastrofi catastrophe katastrofa catastrofe 大災害 대참사 catastrofe katastrofe katastrofa catástrofe катастрофа katastrof ความหายนะ felaket tai họa 大灾难

catastrophe

n catástrofe f
References in classic literature ?
He felt that the condition he was in could not continue long, that a catastrophe was coming which would change his whole life, and he impatiently sought everywhere for signs of that approaching catastrophe.
Matters were in this unfortunate condition, and the club was threatened with approaching dissolution, when an unexpected circumstance occurred to prevent so deplorable a catastrophe.
I do not know where I can find a better place than just here, to make mention of one or two other things, which to me seem important, as in printed form establishing in all respects the reasonableness of the whole story of the White Whale, more especially the catastrophe.
The prediction cut curiously close to the truth; forty-one years after the catastrophe, the remains were cast forth at the foot of the glacier.
Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad.
Oh," cried Eugenie, "you are a bad physiognomist, if you imagine I deplore on my own account the catastrophe of which you warn me.
But everybody knew how perfect an instrument her voice was; and there was no display of anger, but only of horror and dismay, the sort of dismay which men would have felt if they had witnessed the catastrophe that broke the arms of the Venus de Milo.
The disappearance of the Beauforts would leave a considerable void in their compact little circle; and those who were too ignorant or too careless to shudder at the moral catastrophe bewailed in advance the loss of the best ball-room in New York.
But to arrange this without catastrophe would need skill and tact; interference from any outside source would be fatal, and Francis meant to interfere
This work may, indeed, be considered as a great creation of our own; and for a little reptile of a critic to presume to find fault with any of its parts, without knowing the manner in which the whole is connected, and before he comes to the final catastrophe, is a most presumptuous absurdity.
Higginbotham's catastrophe, hinting, what the pedlar had discovered in his own dealings with him, that he was a crusty old fellow, as close as a vice.
Nor is there an end of mine," remarked Challenger, "for science is not dead, and this catastrophe in itself will offer us many most absorbing problems for investigation.