catatonia


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cat·a·to·ni·a

 (kăt′ə-tō′nē-ə)
n.
A psychological condition marked by severe decreases or increases of movement. It is variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mutism, catalepsy, agitation, and extreme flexibility or rigidity of the limbs and is most often associated with schizophrenia.

[New Latin, from German Katatonie, from Greek katatonos, stretching tight, from katateinein, to stretch tight : kata-, intensive pref.; see cata- + teinein, to stretch; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

catatonia

(ˌkætəˈtəʊnɪə)
n
(Pathology) a state of muscular rigidity and stupor, sometimes found in schizophrenia
[C20: New Latin, from German Katatonie, from cata- + -tonia, from Greek tonos tension]
catatonic adj, n

cat•a•to•ni•a

(ˌkæt əˈtoʊ ni ə, -ˈtoʊn yə)

n.
a psychotic syndrome, esp. in schizophrenia, characterized by muscular rigidity and mental stupor, sometimes alternating with excitability and confusion.
[1915–20; cata- + -tonia]
cat`a•ton′ic (-ˈtɒn ɪk) adj., n.

catatonia

one of various forms of schizophrenia characterized by stupor, sometimes alternating with excited behavior and mechanical, repetitive behavior, accompanied by muscular rigidity. — catatonic, n., adj.
See also: Insanity

catatonia

An extreme form of schizophrenia characterized by muscular rigidity or catalepsy, stereotyped mannerisms, refusal to communicate, and stupor.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.catatonia - extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia
catatonic schizophrenia, catatonic type schizophrenia, catatonia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
tonicity, tonus, tone - the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli; "the doctor tested my tonicity"
2.catatonia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
dementia praecox, schizophrenia, schizophrenic disorder, schizophrenic psychosis - any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
catatonia - extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia
Translations
catatonie
katatonija
catatonie

catatonia

nKatatonie f

cat·a·to·ni·a

n. catatonía, esquizofrenia caracterizada por mutismo, postura rígida y resistencia a cooperar para activar los movimientos o el habla. Los mismos síntomas se asocian con otras enfermedades mentales.

catatonia

n catatonia
References in periodicals archive ?
By hospital Day 6, catatonia is suspected due to a MMSE of 6/30 and a BushFrancis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) score of 14 for predominant stereotypy, perseveration, and withdrawal (Table 1, page 44).
The former Catatonia star hosts a long-running programme on BBC Radio 6 Music, a monthly show on the BBC World Service, and earlier this year took over the Blues Show on BBC Radio 2 from Paul Jones.
The former Catatonia star hosts a longrunning programme on BBC Radio 6 Music, a monthly show on the BBC World Service, and earlier this year took over the Blues Show on BBC Radio 2 from Paul Jones.
Catatonia, which is generally seen in severe psychiatric diseases, is a syndrome characterized by mutism, immobility, negativism, stereotype, mannerism, echo phenomena, perseveration, and passive obedience (1, 2).
Using ECT, the symptoms of catatonia are easier to heal than the other symptoms of schizophrenia; thus, we examined Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS).
Catatonia and Delirium: Syndromes that may Converge in the Neuropsychiatric Patient
MC, previously termed "lethal catatonia," is the most severe manifestation within the spectrum of catatonic syndromes.
In the same period, more precisely in 1874, Karl Kahlbaum talks about catatonia, saying it is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by prominent motor features, objectified by immobility, mutism, negativism, rigidity, stereotypies, echolalia, mannerisms.
La catatonia es un sindrome caracterizado por alteraciones motoras, en conciencia, afecto y pensamiento; cuyos tres signos cardinales son posturas anormales, mutismo y estupor (3,4).
We report a case of 20 Years old girl who presented with catatonia resulting from cerebral lupus.