tartar

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Tar·tar

 (tär′tər)
n.
See Tatar.

[Middle English Tartre, from Old French Tartare, from Medieval Latin Tartarus, alteration (influenced by Latin Tartarus, Tartarus) of Persian Tātār; see Tatar.]

tar·tar

 (tär′tər)
n.
1. Dentistry A hard yellowish deposit on the teeth, consisting of organic secretions and food particles deposited in various salts, such as calcium carbonate. Also called calculus.
2. A reddish acid compound, chiefly potassium bitartrate, found in the juice of grapes and deposited on the sides of casks during winemaking.

[Middle English tartre, potassium bitartrate, from Old French, from Medieval Latin tartarum, argol, from Medieval Greek tartaron.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

tartar

(ˈtɑːtə)
n
1. (Dentistry) dentistry a hard crusty deposit on the teeth, consisting of food, cellular debris, and mineral salts
2. (Elements & Compounds) Also called: argol a brownish-red substance consisting mainly of potassium hydrogen tartrate, present in grape juice and deposited during the fermentation of wine
[C14: from Medieval Latin tartarum, from Medieval Greek tartaron]

tartar

(ˈtɑːtə)
n
(sometimes capital) a fearsome or formidable person
[C16: special use of Tartar]

Tartar

(ˈtɑːtə)
n, adj
(Languages) a variant spelling of Tatar
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tar•tar

(ˈtɑr tər)

n.
2. the deposit from wines, cream of tartar.
3. the intermediate product of cream of tartar, obtained from the crude form, argol.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin tartarum < Late Greek tártaron]
tar•tar′ic (-ˈtær ɪk, -ˈtɑr-) tar′tar•ous, adj.

Tar•tar

(ˈtɑr tər)

n.
1. a member of any of various Mongolian and Turkic peoples who, under Genghis Khan and his successors, ruled parts of central and W Asia and E Europe until the 18th century.
3. (often l.c.) a savage, intractable, or ill-tempered person.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin Tartarus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tartar - a salt used especially in baking powder
salt - a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
2.tartar - a fiercely vigilant and unpleasant woman
disagreeable woman, unpleasant woman - a woman who is an unpleasant person
3.tartar - a member of the Mongolian people of central Asia who invaded Russia in the 13th centuryTartar - a member of the Mongolian people of central Asia who invaded Russia in the 13th century
Mongol, Mongolian - a member of the nomadic peoples of Mongolia
4.tartar - an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gumstartar - an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
crust, encrustation, incrustation - a hard outer layer that covers something
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
filet américaintartre

Tartar

[ˈtɑːtəʳ]
A. ADJtártaro
B. Ntártaro/a m/f

tartar

[ˈtɑːtəʳ]
A. N
1. (on teeth) → sarro m, tártaro m
2. (Chem) → tártaro m
3. (Culin) (also cream of tartar) → crémor m tartárico
4. (= woman) (fig) → fiera f
B. CPD
see tartare
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

tartar

[ˈtɑːrr] n
(on teeth)tartre m
(= tyrant) → tyran mtartare sauce tartar sauce nsauce f tartare
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Tartar

nTatar(in) m(f); to catch a Tartar (fig)sich (dat)etwas Übles einhandeln

tartar

1
n (fig)Tyrann(in) m(f)

tartar

2
n (on teeth) → Zahnstein m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

tartar

1 [ˈtɑːtəʳ] n (on teeth) → tartaro
cream of tartar → cremortartaro

tartar

2 [ˈtɑːtəʳ] n (fig) → despota m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

tartar

n (dent) cálculo (form), sarro (dental)
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlucky to catch a tartar last time at Windsor, but pulled clear of third and fancied to go one better with race conditions in his favour.