Neither did Kant when he devised the Categorical Imperative
The categorical imperative
(CI) shows in each case what we have to do to avoid the failure to be moved by a law endorsed by our own will--to avoid, that is, the failure to act for reasons.
We can and must reconnect with the categorical imperative
of business: Create growth.
For Kant the commands of morality are categorical imperatives
; in fact, there is only one such command (which can be given at least three different formulations), and so he calls it the categorical imperative
For example, in a one-shot prisoner's dilemma game one might be tempted to induce cooperative behavior by appealing to the categorical imperative
10) Lacan thus highlights the ways in which Kant's categorical imperative
is analogous to perversion, defined by psychoanalysis as the pathological fixation of enjoyment that persists within the post-Oedipal economy of drive-satisfaction (that is, within the symbolic order).
The libertarian nonaggression principle is but one implication of the undeniable categorical imperative
that proper ways to resolve disputes ought to be determined by argumentation or argumentatively validated methods among the parties to a dispute.
Yet Stephen Engstrom's excellent recent book, The Form of Practical Knowledge: A Study of the Categorical Imperative
(Harvard University Press 2009), demonstrates that there are still fresh, illuminating ways to think about the general form of the categorical imperative
and its law of nature variant.
This section will consider an ethical analysis of the living will according to the first and second formulation of Kant's Categorical Imperative
He contends that Kant's notion of the categorical imperative
is a (social-) contractualist (pace Rousseau) "conception of rationality as universal agreement, or what is acceptable as a universal law" (230).
In the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, any secret would constitute an exception that invalidates the categorical imperative
, to act such that one's action could become the maxim for a universal moral law.
Yet, notwithstanding a superficial plausibility, the categorical imperative
proves inadequate as a basis for ethical universality.