cation


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Related to cation: anion

cat·i·on

 (kăt′ī′ən)
n.
An ion or group of ions having a positive charge and characteristically moving toward the negative electrode in electrolysis.

[Greek kation, something going down, from neuter present participle of katienai, to go down : kat-, kata-, cata- + ienai, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

cat′i·on′ic (kăt′ī-ŏn′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cation

(ˈkætaɪən)
n
(General Physics) a positively charged ion; an ion that is attracted to the cathode during electrolysis. Compare anion
[C19: from cata- + ion]
cationic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cat•i•on

(ˈkætˌaɪ ən, -ɒn)

n.
1. a positively charged ion that is attracted to the cathode in electrolysis.
2. any positively charged ion (opposed to anion).
[1825–35; < Greek katión, neuter of katiṓn, present participle of kateînai to go down =kat- cat- + eînai to go]
cat`i•on′ic (-ˈɒn ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cat·i·on

(kăt′ī′ən)
An ion that has a positive charge. Hydrogen and ammonium ions are cations. Compare anion.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cation

An ion that carries a positive charge, which is attracted by the negatively charged electrode, the cathode, during electrolysis.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cation - a positively charged ion
hydrogen ion - a positively charged atom of hydrogen; that is to say, a normal hydrogen atomic nucleus
ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
diazonium - the univalent cation R-N:N- (where R is an aromatic hydrocarbon); found in salts that are used in manufacturing azo dyes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kation

cation

[ˈkætaɪən] n (Chem) → catione m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
The guns in the rear, aroused and enraged by shells that had been thrown burlike at them, suddenly involved themselves in a hideous alter- cation with another band of guns.
In this atmosphere of telephones and lightning communication with distant regions, I was breathing the breath of life again after long suffo- cation. I realized, then, what a creepy, dull, inanimate horror this land had been to me all these years, and how I had been in such a stifled condition of mind as to have grown used to it almost beyond the power to notice it.
I made no answer to this hospitable communi- cation; and, indeed, he didn't wait for any, bolting away on to his bridge to get his ship under way.
Cation Capital, a private investment firm and shareholder of Crescent Point Energy Corp, sent a letter to fellow shareholders of Crescent Point outlining its concerns with the current state of governance, strategy and operations of the Company.
The nature of organic intercalation is exchanging the interlayer cation of Mt with the organic cation, and the process is affected by the energy of the interlayer cation.
There are new factors to consider, which exist only in mix face conditions, and cation exchange capacity of the slurry is one of them.
Dietary cation anion difference (DCAD) is an important aspect of dairy nutrition, especially in the transition period.
The scientists show that the guanidinium cation inserts into the crystal structure of the perovskite and enhances the material's overall thermal and environmental stability, overcoming what is known in the field as the "Goldschmidt tolerance factor limit." This is an indicator of the stability of a perovskite crystal, which describes how compatible a particular ion is to it.
Cation also retracted his earlier assumptions and said the noises were most likely coming from an apartment a few blocks away.
Recent work indicates that mixed-cation lead halide perovskites, in which small methyl ammonium (MA) cation and another bulkier organic ammonium cation are used, can lead to various intriguing properties.
The simulation supercells used have 64 unit cells (8 x 4 x 2), with a composition of [M.sup.3/[x.sup.x+]] ([Si.sub.31]Al) ([Al.sub.14][Mg.sub.2]) [O.sub.80] [(OH).sub.16] x n[H.sub.2]O, where M represents the cation, x is the charge of the cation, and n varies from 0 to 10.5 water molecules/unit cell.