caudal anaesthesia

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Noun1.caudal anaesthesia - regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal end of the spinal canal; now largely replaced by epidural anesthesia
regional anaesthesia, regional anesthesia - loss of sensation in a region of the body produced by application of an anesthetic agent to all the nerves supplying that region (as when an epidural anesthetic is administered to the pelvic region during childbirth)
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References in periodicals archive ?
[7.] Da Conceicao MJ, Coehol: caudal anaesthesia with 0.375% Ropivacaine or 0.375% Bupivacaine in paediatric patients.
Heart rate (HR), Systolic blood pressure (SBP), and Peripheral arterial saturation (SPO2) were recorded before the induction of anaesthesia and every 5min after the placement of caudal anaesthesia till the end of surgery.
Danielli L, Linder A et al studied caudal anaesthesia for TURP.
Caudal anaesthesia under sedation: a prospective analysis of 512 infants and children.
Various randomized control trial done so far shows encouraging results for its use in intravenous sedation, as adjuvants in spinal, (8,9) epidural, (10) caudal anaesthesia, (11) Studies by Brummett et al., (2008, 2010) showed that dexmedetomidine enhances duration of bupivacaine anaesthesia and analgesia of sciatic nerve block in rats without any evidence of histopathological damage to the nerve.
Spinal, epidural and caudal anaesthesia. Miller's anaesthesia, churchhill livingstone, elsevier, 2010;7th edn.
Caudal anaesthesia in pediatric surgery: success rates and adverse effects in 750 consecutive patients.
Based on earlier studies, dexmedetomidine produces prolonged post-operative analgesia and sedation with minimal side effects when added to ropivacaine in epidural and caudal anaesthesia. Since very few studies available where dexmedetomidine's efficacy as an adjuvant to ropivacaine in surgical wound infiltration has been explored.