caudal block


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Noun1.caudal block - regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal end of the spinal canal; now largely replaced by epidural anesthesia
regional anaesthesia, regional anesthesia - loss of sensation in a region of the body produced by application of an anesthetic agent to all the nerves supplying that region (as when an epidural anesthetic is administered to the pelvic region during childbirth)
References in periodicals archive ?
Caudal block since its first description in 1933 for paediatric urological interventions has evolved to become the most popular regional anaesthetic technique for use in children.
Our objective was to investigate the duration and quality of postoperative analgesia in patients, who were subject to caudal block technique, dorsal penile nerve block or who were administered subcutaneous morphine.
Objective: To compare caudal block with intrarectal local anesthesia plus periprostatic nerve block for transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy.
Used for procedures in the inguinal region and for urological surgeries, this approach was shown to be equivalent to the caudal block (32), and some reports claim longer analgesia and less frequent use of rescue analgesics (37).
Objective: Our aim is to compare postoperative analgesia of caudal block versus dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) and to compare sedation score and complication associated with caudal block and DPNB in children undergoing circumcision.
Background: Caudal block involves injection of local anaesthetic in the caudal epidural space and is commonly used for providing analgesia in children undergoing infraumbilical surgeries like orchidpexy.
IV slowly was followed by caudal block by using 2 percent Lignocaine (2 ml) was injected epidurally.
EMLA cream provided inferior postoperative analgesia than either DPNB, caudal block or ringblock, with a typical duration of less than one hour (74).
The DS ending is most relevant to clinical practice as the length of the needle used to perform the caudal block should be carefully chosen to avoid puncturing the dura.
Several techniques can be used: local anaesthesia, local infiltration analgesia with sedation, posterior perineal block, caudal block, epidural anaesthesia or general anaesthesia.
A continuous caudal block was placed to provide analgesia and to vasodilate the lower limbs.
Single shot caudal block with bupivacaine is the most commonly used regional technique for intraoperative and postoperative pain relief in children.