caudal

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cau·dal

 (kôd′l)
adj. Anatomy
1.
a. Of, at, or near the tail or hind parts; posterior: the caudal fin of a fish.
b. Situated beneath or on the underside; inferior.
2. Similar to a tail in form or function.

[New Latin caudālis, from Latin cauda, tail.]

cau′dal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

caudal

(ˈkɔːdəl)
adj
1. (Anatomy) anatomy of or towards the posterior part of the body
2. (Zoology) zoology relating to, resembling, or in the position of the tail
[C17: from New Latin caudālis, from cauda]
ˈcaudally adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cau•dal

(ˈkɔd l)

adj.
1. of, at, or near the tail end of the body.
2. taillike: caudal appendages.
[1655–65; < New Latin caudālis= Latin caud(a) tail + -ālis -al1]
cau′dal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cau·dal

(kôd′l)
Of or near the tail or hind parts of an animal: a fish's caudal fin.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.caudal - constituting or relating to a tail; "caudal appendage"
cephalic - of or relating to the head
2.caudal - resembling a tail
caudate, caudated - having a tail or taillike appendage
3.caudal - situated in or directed toward the part of the body from which the tail arises; "caudal fins"; "the caudal end of the body"
posterior - located at or near or behind a part or near the end of a structure
Adv.1.caudal - toward the posterior end of the body
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kaudal

caudal

[ˈkɔːdl] ADJcaudal
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

caudal

adjSchwanz-, kaudal (spec); the caudal vertebraedie Schwanzwirbel pl; the caudal findie Schwanzflosse
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
In animal studies, nuclear concentrations of the Vitamin D hormone-target neurons have been found in specific areas of the brain and spinal cord, some of which are thought to play a role in sleep including anterior and posterior hypothalamus, substantia nigra, midbrain central gray, raphe nuclei, and the nucleus reticularis pontis oralis and caudalis.[15-18] Similar findings were reported in a study of immunohistochemical investigations with antibodies to Vitamin D receptor proteins, which found evidence for target neurons in the same regions of the brainstem and hypothalamus.[19] The presence of Vitamin D target neurons in these regions of the brainstem that affect sleep suggests Vitamin D may mediate an individual's sleep.
The mandibular process of the quadrate presents four distinct condyles: the medial condyle (Condylus medialis)--rounded in all the species analysed--the lateral condyle (Condylus lateralis)--long and stronger than the medial, articulating with the jugal bar laterally from a dorsal process--the caudal condyle (Condylus caudalis)--an extension of the lateral condyle, being fused--and the condyle pterygoideus --located medially, which articulates with the pterygoid by its quadratic articulated facet.
Ongoing pain signals cause an increased excitability of second-order neurons in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis, converting them into an independent state in which they themselves become the pain generator.
A previous study has also found that IL-18 is increased in microglia in the trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis after peripheral nerve injury, suggesting a possible role of IL-18 in orofacial neuropathic pain (29).
Kerr, "The fine structure of the subnucleus caudalis of the trigeminal nerve," Brain Research, vol.
Shibuya et al., "Resveratrol attenuates inflammation-induced hyperexcitability of trigeminal spinal nucleus caudalis neurons associated with hyperalgesia in rats," Molecular Pain, vol.
The retrograde perfusion of the diaphragm was performed (6 ml per min) through the vena cava into the right and left caudalis phrenic veins.
With an aim of identifying a possible treatment for AD, the researchers produced a hyperhomocysteinemia model by vena caudalis injection of homocysteine (Hcy) for 2 weeks and studied ALCAR effects in rats (Zhou, et al., 2011).
Trigeminocervical complex (TCC) includes the pseudounipolar trigeminal ganglion that has central afferent projections to the trigeminal nucleus caudalis in the medullary spinal cord, and a peripheral projection, largely from the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal ganglion, which innervates the cranial blood vessels and other cranial structures, including the pain-sensitive dura mater, via meningeal nociceptors.
Briefly, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples of liver, kidney, eye, heart, pancreas, vena cava caudalis and cranialis, and aorta abdominalis were sectioned at 5 [micro]m and stained using Hematoxylin and Eosin staining.
Wu," Association of occlusal interference-induced masseter muscle hyperalgesia and P2X3 receptors in the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis and midbrain periaqueductal gray," NeuroReport, vol.