It has an area known as the caudate nucleus
that acts as a kind of "autopilot" and "reward system" - getting us home from work, for example, and telling us when it's time to eat, drink, have sex and do other things that keep us alive and happy.
Recurrent migraine attacks lead to sensitization of the pain receptor of the trigeminal nerve on meninx, resulting in central sensitization of the caudate nucleus
of the trigeminal nerve.
Using this scheme, the aim was to segment nine mid-brain structures including left ventricle, right ventricle, third ventricle, anterior commissure, posterior commissure, left putamen, right putamen, left caudate nucleus
and right caudate nucleus
The patient had brain MRI, which showed a general brain atrophy (the wasting away or decrease in size of an organ or tissue in the body) and severe atrophic changes in the basal ganglia especially the head of the caudate nucleus
and that's when the Huntington disease was suspected and the genetic testing was ordered," said Dr Al Madani.
MR (Figure 1A) axial FLAIR image demonstrates abnormal signal intensity within the left caudate nucleus
In this project, we propose to characterize and contrast the integrity of the striatal subregions (nucleus accumbens, caudate nucleus
, putamen) in FTD, AD and Parkinsons disease (PD), which have respectively more cortical or striatal dysfunction, and in healthy aged controls.
Putamen T2 hyperintensity is predominantly seen either alone or in combination with the caudate nucleus
MRI scan of the brain revealed slightly hyperintensity in T2-weighted or FLAIR images of corpus callosum, the head of right caudate nucleus
, cingulate gyrus, and centrum semiovale [Figure 2]a.
Several studies of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) who were successfully treated with CBT have demonstrated decreased metabolism in the right caudate nucleus
, and those treated effectively for phobias showed decreased activity in the limbic and paralimbic areas.
From there, plaques spread outward, reaching the caudate nucleus
and the anterior and posterior cingulate cortices by 15 years before symptoms, and the frontal cortex and other cortical regions about 14 years before.
His cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) results at the time are shown in Figure 1a: abnormal signals were found in his bilateral caudate nucleus
, lenticular nucleus, and insula.
DSCAM, DYRK1A, KCNJ6 had low expression levels in the caudate nucleus