caudex

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cau·dex

 (kô′dĕks′)
n. pl. cau·di·ces (-dĭ-sēz′) or cau·dex·es
1. The thickened, usually underground base of the stem of many perennial herbaceous plants, from which new leaves and flowering stems arise.
2. The trunk of a palm or tree fern.

[Latin caudex, tree trunk.]

caudex

(ˈkɔːdɛks)
n, pl -dices (-dɪˌsiːz) or -dexes
1. (Botany) the thickened persistent stem base of some herbaceous perennial plants
2. (Botany) the woody stem of palms and tree ferns
[C19: from Latin]

cau•dex

(ˈkɔ dɛks)

n., pl. -di•ces (-dəˌsiz)
-dex•es.
1. the main stem of a tree, esp. a palm or tree fern.
2. the woody or thickened persistent base of a nonwoody perennial.
[1820–30; < Latin: tree trunk]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.caudex - persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
stalk, stem - a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ
2.caudex - woody stem of palms and tree ferns
stalk, stem - a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ
References in periodicals archive ?
The antidepressant effects and mechanism of action of total saponins from the caudexes and leaves of Panax notoginseng in animal models of depression.
They used an extract of saponins from the caudexes and leaves of PN (SCLPN) containing high amounts of the ginsenosides Rb3, Rb1, Rc and the notoginsenoside Fc which are highly bioactive and usually found in lower amounts in extracts of the roots alone.