It's important to note, wrote Barch and Gorham, that these results are correlational, not causational
. It could be that participating in sports leads to increased hippocampal volume and decreased depression, or it could be that children who are more depressed are less likely to engage in sports and also have smaller hippocampal volume.
Brexit negotiations, which resumed last Thursday after a summer break, are also on the radar screen, and the spike in Italian yields and the causational
political situation in Italy should also be monitored closely.
First, as our focus was on finding correlations between pretend play based on children's gender and social competence, no causational
analyses were performed.
The more this hysteria continues, the stronger the gravitational force of the issue becomes, until a causational
black hole is created.
Furthermore, the interpretation of the results may only serve as correlational data, not causational
. Another limitation is the possibility that other variables intervened with those being studied.
There is some evidence that political controversies did influence the AGO's selection process when it comes to ministries with high policy turnover, but the relationship is more correlational than causational
. The health, finance, environment and energy, and "other" aggregate sector categories were unevenly reviewed between new/special and follow-up reports.
Given these narrow causational
exceptions, a proximate cause standard simply does not make sense in OPA section 2702(a).
Two focus group discussions consisting of homogeneous participants, such as agropastoralists alone or their counterparts, were conducted at each study site to facilitate the collection of information and opinions on the causational
factors that lead to conflicts and the possible solutions to such problems.
What's troubling to Taylor about some of the Republican proposals on tax policy as it relates to charitable giving is that they draw a causational
line between tax cuts and increases in charitable giving simply as a result of tax cuts.
While a causational
relationships between depression and anxiety and somatic complaints (even when they are unexplained) has not been established in the literature, the fact that they are correlational is unquestioned (Agiiera, Failde, Cervilla, DtazFernandez, & Mico, 2010; Gerrits et al., 2012).
(Gates acknowledges there is little research on this topic-the association could be correlational but not causational
.) The second is education.
He focuses on the escapades of several people in Kansas who merely used Iowa as a pass-through, thus causing the state to become the setting for history in this book but not intricately involved or causational
. Iowans appear as the audience to the comings and goings of people interested in the Free-State movement, and Soike misses opportunities to consider the situation more from their perspective.