Some studies in non-athletes have found Cortisol levels to, on average, differ between men and women (Purnell, Brandon, Isabelle, Loriaux, & Samuels, 2004; Van Cauter
, Leproult, & Kupfer, 1996).
The decline in stage N3 and REM sleep along with increased number of arousals or WASO [Tables 1 and 2] that we noted in our study is in agreement with the study conducted by Van Cauter
et al. who found that there is an age-related decline in slow-wave sleep (SWS) (N3%) and REM% and also there is increased sleep fragmentation which can be explained on the basis of dysregulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis seen in the elderly.
(22.) Spiegel K, Tasali E, Leproult R, Van Cauter
Eve Van Cauter
e colaboradores (2007), estudaram o efeito de tres diferentes tempos de sono em onze individuos do sexo masculino, com idades compreendidas entre os 18 e os 27 anos.
Eve Van Cauter
at the University of Chicago, who first described the association between sleep deprivation and increased caloric Intake in 2004.
Outros autores, Schimidt, (1991), Vrijens e Cauter
(1983), afirmam que a maturacao nao parece ter uma grande influencia sobre as habilidades motoras especificas.
, "Circadian misalignment augments markers of insulin resistance and inflammation, independently of sleep loss," Diabetes, vol.
et al., "Comparison of unsupervised classification methods for brain tumor segmentation using multi-parametric MRI," NeuroImage: Clinical, vol.
et al., "Hierarchical non-negative matrix factorization to characterize brain tumor heterogeneity using multi-parametric MRI," NMR in Biomedicine, vol.
In the other group who underwent surgery with the Milligan-Morgan method, the package was excised with cauter
; the pedicle of the package was sutured, and the flaw was left open.
(49-) Spiegel, K.; Leproult, R.; L'HermiteBaleriaux, M.; Copinschi, G.; Penev, P.D.; Van Cauter
We cannot exclude that these systematic differences have affected the results via altered waking time, circadian rhythm and / or glucose tolerance (Scheen and Van Cauter
, 1988; Jarrett et al., 1972), although the time lags cannot be described as large.