cell body


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Related to cell body: axon, Dendrites

cell body

n.
The portion of a nerve cell that contains the nucleus but does not incorporate the dendrites or axon. Also called soma1.

cell′ bod′y


n.
the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, excluding the axons and dendrites.
Also called perikaryon.
[1875–80]
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Errection Of 1750 M2 Heating Surface New Vapour Cell Body
But the study does not ascertain if the disease starts in the nerve connection or in the cell body.
The structure of the bristle base at its transition into the cell body will be important to resolve.
9) In the PNS, paranodal myelin loops contain cytoplasm that directly connects the Schwann cell body with the inner or outer mesaxons.
In a live cell imaging system, CD117 [sup]+ CD34 [sup]+ cardiac TCs were observed to enter into cell division in a short time, followed by an significant invagination forming across the middle of the cell body.
The scientists found that, contrary to current thought, the activity of a neuron's cell body and its dendrites can be different.
He added that when the worms reproduced, the small RNAs could have been transmitted generationally in the cell body of the germ cells, independent of the DNA.
Cell body response (including chromatolysis) was absent in fourth cervical and second thoracic segments.
From the opposite end of the cell body, branch-like structures known as dendrites sprout.
In general, a neuron is composed of a cell body, which contains the nucleus and other essential organelles; an axon, which transmits the electrical signal away from the cell body toward the next neuron in the circuit; and dendrites, which accept a signal from a neighboring neuron and transmit the signal to the cell body.
The abbreviations for cell measurements are as follows: Lb--body length measured from the furthest part of the epitheca to the antapex of the hypotheca, not considering appendages or processes (lists or spines); Lt--total length measured from the furthest part of the epitheca or the anterior cingular list to the furthest part of the posterior or posterior-lateral processes or lists; Db--maximum cell body depth measured in its widest part in lateral view, not considering the sulcal or cingular lists; Dt--total depth, considering the sulcal and/or cingular lists.
Mesenchymal stem cells are characterized morphologically by a small cell body with a few cell processes that are long and thin.