This is particularly pronounced in former French colonies, heirs to a centralistic
model of the omnipotent and omnipresent state that considers its role to be those of initiator, regulator, controller, promoter, producer, and critic.
When the two major beneficiaries of centralistic
Indonesia--the Army and Soeharto-affiliated elites--were sufficiently weakened by the backlash against the New Order regime, those technocratic voices, bolstered by foreign proponents like the Asian Development Bank and World Bank, as well as the nascent regional and local economic elites, were successful in placing decentralization on the reform agenda (Lane 2014n)- Habibie, sensing an opportunity to broaden his political coalition, instructed bureaucrats in the Department of Home Affairs to quickly draft the requisite legislation, soon after which prominent political proponents like Ryaas Rasyid put their weight behind the initiative.
342), then most of the more than a dozen ethnic minorities living on Iraqi soil will have difficulties to feel to be full part of an Iraqi nation dominated by centralistic
mechanisms and the Shia majority who--in accordance with democratic rules--controls them.
In emerging countries centralistic
energy generation and distribution systems are hardly cost efficient.
Cooperation enablement for centralistic
early warning systems.
In the first case, fiscal and political union are code words for centralistic
arrangements in the eurozone that would ensure fiscal discipline in member states.
Witt added, "Systems and management which are centralistic
and inflexible are hampering postgraduate education.
We do not have formal ties whereas the EU is centralistic
and very formal; we do things in our own pragmatic ways; we come from transparent societies; and we do not need all these EU rules and regulations saying us to do things differently.
At the same time, such a perspective is criticized by many scholars for its male-dominated, centralistic
, and bourgeois-focused tendencies (Fraser, 1990; Gitlin, 1998; Keane, 1995; Schudson, 1992).