Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to centrifuge: Laboratory centrifuge
1. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid.
2. An apparatus in which humans or animals are enclosed and which is revolved to simulate the effects of acceleration in a spacecraft.
tr.v. cen·tri·fuged, cen·tri·fug·ing, cen·tri·fug·es
To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus.
[French, centrifugal, from New Latin centrifugus; see centrifugal.]
cen·trif′u·ga′tion (sĕn-trĭf′yə-gā′shən, -trĭf′ə-) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Mechanical Engineering) any of various rotating machines that separate liquids from solids or dispersions of one liquid in another, by the action of centrifugal force
2. (Mechanical Engineering) any of various rotating devices for subjecting human beings or animals to varying accelerations for experimental purposes
(Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to subject to the action of a centrifuge
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
n., v. -fuged, -fug•ing. n.
1. an apparatus that rotates at high speed and separates substances of different densities.v.t.
2. to subject to the action of a centrifuge.
[1795–1805; < French, n. use of centrifuge (adj.) < New Latin centrifugus; see centrifugal]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A machine that separates substances of different densities by rotating them at very high speed. The denser substances are thrown farther outward than the less dense ones. A centrifuge can be used to separate cream from milk, or bacteria from a fluid.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Past participle: centrifuged
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||centrifuge - an apparatus that uses centrifugal force to separate particles from a suspension|
haematocrit, hematocrit - a measuring instrument to determine (usually by centrifugation) the relative amounts of corpuscles and plasma in the blood
ultracentrifuge - a high speed centrifuge used to determine the relative molecular masses of large molecules in high polymers and proteins
|Verb||1.||centrifuge - rotate at very high speed in order to separate the liquids from the solids|
ultracentrifuge - subject to the action of an ultracentrifuge
spin - stream in jets, of liquids; "The creek spun its course through the woods"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
centrifuge[ˈsɛntrɪfjuːdʒ] n → centrifugeuse f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
centrifuge[ˈsɛntrɪˌfjʊːʒ] n → centrifuga
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995